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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the participants in 1992 classified by genders

From: Elevated resting heart rate predisposes metabolic syndrome in women rather than in men: a 15-year prospective study

  Women Men P value
Number(%) 227.0(38.5) 363.0(61.5)
Age(years) 46 ± 6 49 ± 6 <0.001
Height 154.6 ± 5.4 165.2 ± 5.7 <0.001
Weight 54.9 ± 6.7 62.6 ± 8.0 <0.001
Waist(cm) 72.2 ± 6.3 77.4 ± 7.4 <0.001
BMI(kg/m2) 23.0 ± 2.4 22.9 ± 2.7 0.923
Smoking(n(%)) 1(0.4) 228(62.8) <0.001
Drinking(n(%)) 6(2.6) 210(57.9) <0.001
Exercise(n(%)) 46(20.3) 78(21.5) 0.723
RHR(beats/min) 79.9 ± 8.3 80.2 ± 9.4 0.632
SBP(mmHg) 109.9 ± 12.9 113.4 ± 12.8 0.001
DBP(mmHg) 71.3 ± 8.3 73.2 ± 8.5 0.011
FPG(mmol/L) 4.31 ± 1.12 4.26 ± 0.74 0.479
TG(mmol/L) 1.86 ± 0.73 2.04 ± 0.86 0.011
TC(mmol/L) 4.50 ± 0.80 4.42 ± 0.70 0.200
LDL(mmol/L) 2.32 ± 0.81 2.22 ± 0.78 0.103
HDL(mmol/L) 1.30 ± 0.24 1.24 ± 0.22 <0.001
Obesity(n(%)) 25(11.0) 16(4.4) 0.002
RBP(n(%)) 21(9.3) 64(17.6) 0.005
RFPG(n(%)) 7(3.1) 18(5.0) 0.271
RTG(n(%)) 97(42.7) 202(55.6) 0.002
DHDL(n(%)) 113(49.8) 57(15.7) <0.001
MS components 1.16 ± 0.73 0.98 ± 0.76 0.001
  1. Data are presented as means ± SD or number (percentage)
  2. BMI Body mass index, RHR Resting heart rate, SBP Systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, FPG Fasting plasma glucose, TG Triglyceride, TC Total cholesterol, LDL Low-density lipoprotein, HDL High-density lipoprotein, RBP Raised blood pressure, RFPG Raised fasting plasma glucose, RTG Raised triglyceride, DHDL Decreased high-density lipoprotein