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Table 3 Predictors of stiffness progression rate by multivariate regression analysis

From: Determinants of arterial stiffness progression in a Han-Chinese population in Taiwan: a 4-year longitudinal follow-up

Covariates All (N = 577) Women (N = 353) Men (N = 224)
PWV progression Coefficient (SE) p value Coefficient (SE) p value Coefficient (SE) p value
Age 0.007 (0.001) <0.001 0.008 (0.001) <0.001 0.007 (0.002) <0.001
Male - 0.008 (0.016) 0.604 -- -- -- --
Baseline PWV (m/s) - 0.075 (0.008) <0.001 - 0.086 (0.010) <0.001 - 0.059 (0.012) <0.001
MAP (mmHg) 0.004 (0.001) <0.001 0.006 (0.001) <0.001 -- --
BMI (kg/m2) 0.008 (0.002) 0.002 -- -- 0.012 (0.005) 0.011
ΔMAP (mmHg) 0.010 (0.001) <0.001 0.010 (0.001) <0.001 0.008 (0.002) <0.001
ΔBMI (kg/m2)    -- -- 0.024 (0.010) 0.013
Ep progression Coefficient (SE) p value Coefficient (SE) p value Coefficient (SE) p value
Age (y) 0.369 (0.039) <0.001 0.412 (0.049) <0.001 0.349 (0.066) <0.001
Male - 0.748 (0.679) 0.271 -- -- -- --
Baseline Ep (kPa) - 0.060 (0.009) <0.001 - 0.072 (0.012) <0.001 - 0.050 (0.015) 0.001
MAP (mmHg) 0.194 (0.042) <0.001 0.251 (0.050) <0.001 0.163 (0.074) 0.028
BMI (kg/m2) 0.327 (0.108) 0.003 -- -- 0.473 (0.191) 0.014
ΔMAP (mmHg) 0.401 (0.041) <0.001 0.420 (0.049) <0.001 0.360 (0.074) <0.001
ΔBMI (kg/m2) -- -- -- -- 0.916 (0.409) 0.026
β progression Coefficient (SE) p value Coefficient (SE) p value Coefficient (SE) p value
Age (y) 0.028 (0.003) <0.001 0.030 (0.004) <0.001 0.028 (0.005) <0.001
Male - 0.052 (0.052) 0.318 -- -- -- --
Baseline β - 0.041 (0.010) <0.001 - 0.042 (0.012) 0.001 - 0.045 (0.015) 0.004
MAP (mmHg) -- -- -- --   
BMI (kg/m2) 0.024 (0.008) 0.003 -- -- 0.038 (0.015) 0.010
ΔMAP (mmHg) -- -- -- -- -- --
ΔBMI (kg/m2) -- -- -- -- 0.078 (0.032) 0.015
  1. Covariates included in the stepwise multivariate regression model were age at baseline, sex, baseline stiffness parameters, MAP at baseline, BMI at baseline, ΔMAP, ΔTC, ΔTG and ΔBMI. Only variates with significant p value were retained in the final model