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Table 4 Association of variables with abnormal lipid profile levels among HAART treated participants

From: Highly active antiretroviral therapy and dyslipidemia in people living with HIV/AIDS in Fako Division, South West Region of Cameroon

Explanatory variables TC ≥ 200 mg/dL UOR (95 % CI) LDL-c ≥ 130 mg/dL UOR (95 % CI) HDL-c < 40 mg/dL UOR (95 % CI) TG ≥ 150 mg/dL UOR (95 % CI)
Gender (Female) 2.3 (1.03-4.98) 1.29 (0.58-2.89) 0.54 (0.20-1.44) 0.52 (0.22-1.25)
p-value 0.042 0.532 0.217 0.144
Age > 40 years 0.81 (0.43-1.56) 1.18 (0.61-2.31) 0.93 (0.36-2.37) 0.70 (0.30-1.60)
p-value 0.535 0.621 0.879 0.391
BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 0.80 (0.42-1.51) 0.82 (0.43-1.59) 0.92 (0.37-2.30) 0.30 (0.12-0.75)
p-value 0.490 0.558 0.857 0.010
CD4+ T cell count < 200 cells/μl 0.80 (0.29-2.17) 0.72 (0.26-1.97) 0.58 (0.13-2.55) 0.64 (0.17-2.36)
p-value 0.652 0.518 0.468 0.506
HIV duration ≥ 42 months 0.51 (0.26-0.99) 0.59 (0.29-1.18) 0.66 (0.24-1.79) 0.36 (0.14-0.93)
p-value 0.045 0.136 0.413 0.035
HAART duration > 55 months 0.47 (0.25-0.90) 0.58 (0.30-1.11) 0.77 (0.31-1.92) 0.31 (0.13-0.74)
p-value 0.022 0.101 0.572 0.008
Hypertension 1.02 (0.49-2.10) 0.94 (0.44-2.00) 0.87 (0.30-2.54) 0.81 (0.32-2.06)
p-value 0.962 0.876 0.805 0.664
Diabetes Mellitus 0.47 (0.04-5.34) 0.85 (0.08-9.59) NA 8.27 (0.73-94.2)
p-value 0.546 0.896 NA 0.089
Obesity 1.88 (0.90-3.92) 2.08 (1.00-4.32) 1.11 (0.40-3.08) 1.44 (0.61-3.38)
p-value 0.093 0.050 0.835 0.403
Alcohol intake 1.38 (0.59-3.24) 0.72 (0.29-1.78) 1.14 (0.35-3.70) 2.49 (0.99-6.27)
p-value 0.453 0.476 0.825 0.054
  1. TC-Total Cholesterol, LDL-c-Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, HDL-c-High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, TG-Triglyceride, HAART-Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy, UOR-Unadjusted Odds Ratio, BMI-Body Mass Index, CD-Cluster of differentiation, NA- not applicable; Reference category: Male, Age ≤ 40 years, BMI < 25 kg/m2, CD4+ T cell count ≥ 200 cells/μl, HIV duration < 42 months, HAART duration ≤ 55 months, non-hypertensive, non-diabetic, non-obese, no alcohol intake