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Table 2 Associations between intima-media thickness and variables measured in childhood and adulthood

From: Associations between risk factors in childhood (12–13 years) and adulthood (48–49 years) and subclinical atherosclerosis: the Kaunas Cardiovascular Risk Cohort Study

Variable Men Women
β 95 % CI P value β 95 % CI P value
Model 1
Childhood systolic BP, mm Hg (for a 1-SD change) 0.001 −0.001;0.003 0.357 0.014 0.003;0.025 0.016
Childhood BMI kg/m2 −0.002 −0.008;0.004 0.514 0.006 0.002;0.010 0.003
Sexual maturity score −0.004 −0.016;0.009 0.570 −0.003 −0.006;0.001 0.183
R2 0.008 0.082
Model 2
Childhood systolic BP, mm Hg (for a 1-SD change) 0.002 −0.020;0.023 0.867 0.013 0.002;0.025 0.021
Childhood BMI kg/m2 −0.003 −0.10;0.004 0.380 0.003 −0.001;0.008 0.143
Sexual maturity score −0.001 −0.014;0.011 0.853 −0.003 −0.007;0.001 0.147
Adult systolic BP, mm Hg (for a 1-SD change) 0.022 0.004;0.041 0.018 0.006 −0.006;0.018 0.320
HDL cholesterol mmol/l −0.044 −0.082;-0.007 0.021 0.011 −0.017;0.040 0.431
LDL cholesterol mmol/l 0.002 −0.014;0.017 0.844 0.004 −0.006;0.014 0.390
Adult BMI, kg/m2 0.002 −0.002;0.006 0.363 0.002 −0.001;0.005 0.114
Daily smoking 0.006 −0.003;0.041 0.755 0.033 0.006;0.06 0.018
Education 0.001 −0.022;0.021 0.991 0.007 −0.006;0.021 0.292
R2 0.104 0.133
  1. Reference group for daily smokers was nonsmokers and occasional smokers.
  2. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index; BP blood pressure, CI confidence interval; HDL high-density lipoprotein; LDL low-density lipoprotein