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Table 1 Hemodynamic and gas exchange variables at rest and during exercise (n =61)

From: Characterization of exercise limitations by evaluating individual cardiac output patterns: a prospective cohort study in patients with chronic heart failure

  Baseline Peak exercise
VO2 (mL min−1 kg−1) 4.3 ± 1.3 19.0 ± 5.9
HR (beats min−1) 80 ± 17 124 ± 26
SV (mL) 62 ± 14 87 ± 23
Q (L min−1) 4.9 ± 1.5 10.9 ± 4.1
  1. VO2 oxygen uptake, HR heart rate, SV stroke volume, Q Cardiac Output