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Table 2 Patient Characteristics According to Treadmill Exercise Stress Test Appropriateness Criteria

From: Prevalence and factors associated with inappropriate use of treadmill exercise stress test for coronary artery disease: a cross-sectional study

Parameter Appropriate Inappropriate P Value
(n = 41) (n = 150)
Male 21 (51 %) 64 (43 %) 0.32
Age 60 ± 12 45 ± 13 <0.001
Clinical conditions    
 Diabetes 8 (19 %) 12 (8,0.%) 0.03
 Dyslipidemia 12 (29 %) 24 (16 %) 0.05
 Hypertension 29 (71 %) 64 (43 %) 0.001
 Obesity 12 (29 %) 36 (24 %) 0.49
Previous infarction 2 (4.9 %) 6 (4.0 %) 0.68
known CAD 4 (9.8 %) 8 (5.4 %) 0.29
Revascularization 4 (9.8 %) 7 (4.7 %) 0.25
Smoker 1 (2.4 %) 11 (7.3 %) 0.25
Family history of CAD 10 (24 %) 31 (21 %) 0.60
Risk factorsa    0.03
 No risk factor 6 (14,6 %) 51 (34 %)  
 1 or 2 risk factors 25 (61 %) 79 (52,7 %)  
 >2 risk factors 10 (24,4 %) 20 (13,3 %)  
Cardiovascular riskb    0.001
 Low 24 (58.5 %) 127 (85.2 %)  
 Intermediate 10 (24.4 %) 10 (6.7 %)  
 High 7 (17.1 %) 12 (8.1 %)  
Public health system 24 (58 %) 32 (22 %) <0.001
  1. aNumber of risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, obesity, family history of CAD, smoking)
  2. bCardiovascular Risk Estimation in 10 years, according to the WHO risk prediction (Low: <10 %, Intermediate: between 10 and 20 %, High: ≥ 20 %)