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Table 3 Adjusted odds ratios (AOR) of factors correlated with hypertension prevalence, awareness, in South Asian Immigrants Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, UAE, 2012 (n = 1,375)

From: Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control, in male South Asian immigrants in the United Arab Emirates: a cross-sectional study

  Hypertension   Awareness  
Characteristics AOR (95 % CI) p AOR (95 % CI) p
Nationality     
India 1.0   1.0  
Pakistan 1.17 (0.74, 1.86) 0.496 2.40 (0.89, 6.49) 0.084
Bangladesh 0.98 (0.64, 1.50) 0.930 1.65 (0.62, 4.31) 0.310
Age group     
18-35 years 1.0   1.0  
36-45 years 1.82 (1.17, 2.85) 0.008 1.25 (0.43, 3.61) 0.675
46+ years 4.76 (2.78, 8.13) <0.001 4.31 (1.32, 14.05) 0.015
Monthly income – AED 1.00 (0.99, 1.01 0.873   
Education     
No formal schooling 0.65 (0.26, 1.59) 0.593 0.52 (0.06, 4.55) 0.554
Primary or middle 1.22 (0.58, 2.56) 0.825 1.52 (0.32, 7.30) 0.596
Secondary or high school 1.27 (0.64, 2.49) 0.482 1.82 (0.43, 7.57) 0.408
College or university 1.0   1.0  
Occupation     
Driver 0.84 (0.49, 1.44) 0.670 2.54 (0.62, 10.45) 0.197
Laborer 1.03 (0.57, 1.88) 0.918 1.0  
Construction worker 1.19 (0.60, 2.37) 0.616 1.46 (0.31, 6.96) 0.634
Agriculture worker 1.0   0.81 (0.17, 3.81) 0.790
Salesman 1.89 (0.88, 4.04) 0.099 3.01 (0.64, 14.16) 0.162
Professional, office worker 1.28 (0.55, 3.01) 0.562 0.94 (0.14, 6.21) 0.952
Business/shop keeper 1.02 (0.40, 2.57) 0.968 1.21 (0.20, 7.29) 0.831
Hospitality worker 0.88 (0.38, 2.04) 0.766 5.99 (0.81, 44.08) 0.079
Tailor 0.55 (0.19, 1.64) 0.286 0.61 (0.04, 8.77) 0.717
Other 0.94 (0.33, 2.64) 0.903 2.11 (0.22, 19.78) 0.513
Type of accommodation    
Shared with non-relatives 1.22 (0.71, 2.11) 0.469 2.54 (0.62, 10.45) 0.197
Shared with family 0.92 (0.43, 1.96) 0.837 1.19 (0.21, 6.68) 0.846
Single accommodation 1.32 (0.66, 2.64) 0.433 1.78 (0.36, 8.86) 0.477
Live with sponsor 1.16 (0.59, 2.27) 0.670 0.77 (0.14, 4.02) 0.754
Live in a labor camp 1.0   1.0  
Length of stay in UAE     
1 to 5 years 1.0   1.0  
6 to 10 years 0.97 (0.61, 1.53) 0.890 5.47 (1.65, 18.23) 0.006
>10 years 1.04 (0.65, 1.67) 0.865 4.35 (1.32, 14.39) 0.016
Body mass index – kg/m [2]    
<25.0 1.0   1.0  
25.0-29.9 1.51 (1.04, 2.19) 0.030 1.22 (0.53, 2.84) 0.629
≥30.0 2.39 (1.38, 4.16) 0.002 1.23 (0.42, 3.62) 0.703
Waist-to-hip ratio     
<0.90 cm 1.0   1.0  
≥0.90 cm 1.78 (1.18, 2.69) 0.006 3.01 (0.96, 9.64) 0.058
Smoking ever     
Never 1.0    
Ever 0.90 (0.64, 1.27) 0.560 0.94 (0.46, 1.94) 0.880
Drinking alcohol     
Never 1.0   1.0  
Ever 1.49 (0.89, 2.48) 0.123 0.90 (0.32, 2.54) 0.847
Walk for at least 30 minutes daily     
Yes 1.0   1.0  
No 1.72 (1.15, 2.58) 0.008 1.22 (0.97, 5.08) 0.059
Family history of hypertension     
No 1.0   1.0  
Yes 1.56 (1.05, 2.32) 0.029 4.91 (2.09, 11.55) <0.001
Known diabetic     
No 1.0   1.0  
Yes 1.23 (0.72, 2.08) 0.443 5.76 (2.21, 15.00) <0.001