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Table 3 Association of prevalent and incident atrial fibrillation with cardiovascular risk factors in univariate cross-sectional and prospective analyses respectively

From: The prevalence, incidence, management and risks of atrial fibrillation in an elderly Chinese population: a prospective study

Variable Cross-sectional Prospective
OR (95 % CI) P HR (95 % CI) P
Age (≥70 vs. 60–69 years) 3.02 (1.82–5.02) <0.0001 4.47 (1.98–10.06) <0.0001
Obesity 0.63 (0.15–2.57) 0.52 1.47 (0.35–6.12) 0.60
Current smoking 1.48 (0.82–2.69) 0.20 1.28 (0.56–2.91) 0.55
Alcohol intake 0.95 (0.54–1.66) 0.84 1.27 (0.50–3.19) 0.60
Hypertension 1.30 (0.79–2.13) 0.31 1.33 (0.66–2.65) 0.42
Diabetes mellitus 0.54 (0.17–1.72) 0.30 0.79 (0.19–3.30) 0.74
Coronary heart disease 8.06 (1.80–36.17) 0.006 9.10 (2.18–38.0) 0.02
Chronic kidney disease 1.32 (0.81–2.14) 0.26 0.70 (0.34–1.42) 0.31
  1. For definitions of obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, and chronic kidney disease, see Methods