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Table 1 General characteristics of the study population

From: Bioelectrical impedance outperforms waist circumference for predicting cardiometabolic risk in Congolese hypertensive subjects: a cross-sectional study

  All patients Men Women p Patients with AHT Patients without AHT P
n = 400 (100) n = 160 (40.0) n = 240 (60.0)   n = 249 (62.2) n = 151 (37.8)
Men n (%) 160 (40.0) - -   99 (39.8) 61 (40.3) 0.87
Age (years) 51.1 (12.6) 53.4 (13.5) 49.6 (11.8) 0.003 55.0 (11.1) 44.6 (12.4) <0.0001
SBP (mmHg) 146.0 (24.8) 148.5 (23.5) 144.3 (25.5) 0.09 154.6 (21.4) 119.0 (11.8) <0.0001
DBP (mmHg) 87.3 (15.2) 90.1 (15.3) 85.6 (14.9) 0.004 91.5 (14.7) 74.4 (7.9) <0.0001
BMI (Kg/m2) 27.9 (5.3) 25.8 (3.9) 29.2 (5.7) <0.0001 28.1 (5.0) 27.4 (5.6) 0.26
WC (cm) 95.0 (13.1) 93.7 (12.1) 95.9 (13.7) 0.09 95.7 (13.0) 94.0 (13.1) 0.08
MM (%) 27.7 (5.8) 32.9 (4.7) 24.3 (3.5) <0.0001 27.5 (5.3) 28.2 (6.5) 0.23
VF (0/30-30/30) 9.8 (4.0) 10.8 (4.7) 9.1 (3.3) <0.0001 10.5 (4.1) 8.6 (3.4) <0.0001
BF (%) 36.1 (11.6) 25.9 (7.5) 42.9 (8.5) <0.0001 36.4 (11.2) 35.5 (12.3) 0.48
Glycemia (mg/dl) 109.5 (48.4) 107.0 (41.7) 111.4 (53.0) 0.43 106.6 (47.1) 114.4 (50.3) 0.16
TC (mg/dl) 207.2 (56.9) 205.5 (50.3) 208.2 (60.8) 0.64 210.4 (56.9) 201.9 (56.6) 0.06
HDL-C (mg/dl) 46.3 (16.1) 44.4 (12.2) 47.6 (18.1) 0.055 46.6 (15.6) 46.0 (16.8) 0.21
LDL-C (mg/dl) 136.4 (49.2) 137.1 (47.0) 136.1 (50.5) 0.85 138.6 (50.5) 132.8 (46.8) 0.26
TG (mg/dl) 121.5 (69.9) 122.6 (83.7) 120.8 (59.5) 0.81 125.9 (75.9) 114.4 (58.4) 0.11
DM (%) 37.2 33.6 39.9 0.24 37.7 36.4 0.80
Obesity (%) 33.4 33.5 43.8 <0.0001 34.4 31.8 0.59
AHT (%) 62.3 61.9 62.5 0.89 100 0.0 -
WC ≥ 80 cm (W) / 94 cm (M) 70.8 47.2 86.3 <0.0001 71.9 68.9 0.52
Glycemia > 100 mg/dl or DM 42.2 40.3 43.5 0.51 43.1 40.7 0.62
HDL-C < 50 mg/dl (W) / < 40 mg/dl (M) 45.9 39.6 50.0 0.04 45.0 47.3 0.66
TG > 150 mg/dl 25.8 22.1 28.2 0.18 26.7 24.2 0.57
BP ≥ 130/85 mmHg or AHT 81.3 83.9 78.8 0.21 100.0 50.3 <0.0001
VF ≥ 10/30 48.6 60.6 41.5 0.0002 57.6 33.8 <0.0001
IDF-MS 47.4 30.4 58.3 <0.0001 53.3 38.3 0.003
IDF-MS without BP criteria 23.8 - - - 24.9 21.9 0.48
VF-MS 34.4 39.4 31.1 0.08 44.7 18.0 <0.0001
VF-MS without BP criteria 16.0 - - - 18.9 11.3 0.04
Framingham score (%) 13.4 (9.6) 17.4 (10.0) 10.8 (8.3) <0.0001 16.4 (9.3) 8.7 (7.9) <0.0001
  1. AHT = arterial hypertension; BMI = body mass index; BP = blood pressure; SBP = systolic blood pressure; DBP = diastolic blood pressure; WC = waist circumference; VF = visceral fat; BF = body fat; MM = skeletal muscle mass; TC = total cholesterol ; HDL = high density lipoprotein; LDL = low density lipoprotein; TG = triglycerides; DM: diabetes mellitus.