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Table 4 Proportions of coronary patients and high-risk individuals achieving the targets at one year according to DM status

From: Comparison of treatment outcomes in patients with and without diabetes mellitus attending a multidisciplinary cardiovascular prevention programme (a retrospective analysis of the EUROACTION trial)

  Coronary patients High-risk individuals
  DM Non-DM Adjusted OR (95% CI)a P value DM Non-DM Adjusted OR (95% CI)a P value
Non-Smokers* 22/38 (57.9) 111/180 (61.7) 1.34 (0.69, 2.61) 0.388 271/317 (85.5) 486/712 (68.3) 0.55 (0.29, 1.07) 0.077
SF target 25/51 (49.0) 153/262 (58.4) 0.50 (0.16, 1.57) 0.237     
Oily fish target 28/125 (22.4) 118/621 (19.0) 1.42 (0.85, 2.37) 0.185 29/313 (9.3) 84/709 (11.9) 0.58 (0.34, 0.98) 0.043
Fish target 121/179 (67.6) 531/776 (68.4) 0.79 (0.51, 1.22) 0.287 257/334 (76.9) 567/774 (73.3) 1.07 (0.74, 1.54) 0.723
Fruit/Veg target 114/144 (79.2) 501/683 (73.4) 1.34 (0.82, 2.18) 0.237 263/317 (82.9) 538/714 (75.4) 1.18 (0.80, 1.73) 0.395
Phy. Activity target 70/144 (48.6) 391/680 (57.5) 0.73 (0.50, 1.07) 0.103 206/313 (65.8%) 536/707 (75.8) 0.68 (0.49, 0.92) 0.011
Ideal WC Females 5/49 (10.2) 48/184 (26.1) 0.45 (0.12, 1.72) 0.241 13/161 (8.1) 98/344 (28.5) 0.48 (0.21, 1.07) 0.072
Ideal WC Males 30/95 (31.6) 210/497 (42.3) 0.83 (0.45, 1.52) 0.550 39/146 (26.7) 157/360 (43.6) 0.65 (0.36, 1.17) 0.151
BMI target 19/144 (13.2) 212/677 (31.3) 0.31 (0.15, 0.65) 0.002 31/313 (9.9) 198/706 (28.1) 0.49 (0.26, 0.90) 0.022
TC <5 mmol/l 101/137 (73.7) 490/661 (74.1) 0.79 (0.50, 1.25) 0.320 143/297 (48.2) 155/678 (22.9) 2.49 (1.82, 3.41) <0.001
LDL <3 mmol/l 93/126 (73.0) 419/590 (71.0) 0.93 (0.59, 1.47) 0.770 168/290 (57.9) 205/668 (30.7) 2.43 (1.78, 3.33) <0.001
BP <140/90 mmHg 77/144 (53.5) 502/678 (74.0) 0.47 (0.31, 0.72) <0.001 210/313 (67.1) 470/707 (66.5) 0.91 (0.66, 1. 0.546
BP <130/85 mmHg 56/144 (38.9) 348/678 (51.3) 0.78 (0.52, 1.17) 0.234 120/313 (38.4) 242/707 (34.2) 1.16 (0.84, 1.60) 0.357
BB 111/130 (85.4) 525/630 (83.3) 1.10 (0.56, 2.16) 0.774 72/139 (51.8) 107/513 (20.9) 0.83 (0.34, 2.03) 0.688
ACE/ARB 106/134 (79.1) 384/588 (65.3) 2.11 (1.11, 3.99) 0.021 164/217 (75.6) 223/546 (40.8) 0.84 (0.43, 1.64) 0.605
Anti-platelets 134/140 (95.7) 644/665 (96.8) 0.65 (0.22, 1.88) 0.422 63/134 (47.0) 74/496 (14.9) 2.04 (0.90, 4.61) 0.087
Statins 123/135 (91.1) 603/646 (93.3) 0.55 (0.26, 1.17) 0.121 147/209 (70.3) 236/586 (40.3) 1.46 (0.94, 2.27) 0.088
  1. Data are n/N (%); aodds ratios adjusted for age and variable at baseline (95% confidence intervals). *also adjusted for smoking in the month prior to the event; ACEI/ARB- angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker; BB- beta blocker; BMI- body mass index; CCB- calcium channel blocker; DBP- diastolic blood pressure; LDL- low density lipoprotein cholesterol; SBP- systolic blood pressure; SF- saturated fat; TC- total cholesterol; TG- triglyceride.