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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of study subjects

From: Management of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in a local public hospital in Hong Kong

No. of subjects N = 73
Gender (n, %)  
  Male 22 30.1%
  Female 51 69.9%
Age on admission (n, %)  
  Mean ± SD 76.2 ± 10.3
  Aged 30-54 4 5.5%
  Aged 55-64 4 5.5%
  Aged 65-74 16 21.9%
  Aged 75-84 37 50.7%
  85 or above 12 16.4%
Social history (n, %)  
  Smoker 6 8.2%
  Ex-smoker 17 23.3%
  Non-smoker 30 41.1%
  Unknown 20 27.4%
Ejection fraction on admission  
  Mean ± SD 64.3 ± 8.9%
NYHA class on admission (n, %)  
  Class I – II 10 13.7%
  Class III 35 47.9%
  Class IV 19 26.0%
  Unknown 9 12.3%
Comorbidity (n, %)  
  Hypertension# 56 76.7%
  Diabetes mellitus# 34 46.6%
  Renal impairment$ 12 16.4%
  Comorbid with 2 of the above 22 30.1%
  Comorbid with 3 of the above 10 13.7%
Coronary artery disease 25 34.2%
Atrial fibrillation 17 23.3%
Blood pressure (n = 72)  
 • Systolic BP (mean ± SD) 155.9 ± 35.1 mmHg
 • Diastolic BP (mean ± SD) 78.4 ± 19.0 mmHg
 • ≥140/90 mmHg (n, %) 51 70.8%
 • Comorbid with HTN (n = 55), ≥ 140/90 mmHg (n, %) 39 70.9%
 • Comorbid with DM (n = 33), ≥ 130/80 mmHg (n, %) 28 84.4%
Blood glucose   
HbA1c (n = 32)   
  Mean ± SD 6.7 ± 1.3%
  >6.5% (n, %) 14 43.8%
  Comorbid with DM (n = 25), > 6.5% (n, %) 14 56.0%
Fasting blood glucose (n = 32)   
  Mean ± SD 7.2 ± 3.3 mmol/L
  ≥7 mmol/L 10 31.3%
  Comorbid with DM (n = 16), ≥ 7 mmol/L (n, %) 9 56.3%
Lipid panel   
LDL (n = 42, mean ± SD) 2.2 ± 1.0 mmol/L
HDL (n = 42, mean ± SD) 1.4 ± 0.6 mmol/L
Triglyceride (n = 43, mean ± SD) 1.4 ± 0.6 mmol/L
Total cholesterol (n = 45, mean ± SD) 4.2 ± 1.3 mmol/L
Serum creatinine (n = 73)   
  Mean ± SD 142.0 ± 100.7 umol/L
  >200 umol/L$$ (n, %) 12 16.4%
  Mean ± SD of subjects with sCr > 200 umol/L 330.7 ± 111.2 umol/L
  1. #According to physician’s diagnosis.
  2. $Defined as baseline serum creatinine > 200 umol/L.
  3. $$Regarded as clinically significant renal dysfunction.