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Table 2 Logistic regression odds ratios for predictors of subclinical atherosclerosis (no history of prior CVD event) among SHIELD respondents (n = 9,672)

From: Atherosclerosis profile and incidence of cardiovascular events: a population-based survey

Characteristics Odds Ratio (95% CI) P value
Age (per year) 1.06 (1.05-1.07) <0.0001
Gender, male (female is reference group) 2.24 (1.80-2.80) <0.0001
Race, white (Other is reference group) 0.65 (0.32- 1.34) 0.24
Race, black (Other is reference group) 0.69 (0.31- 1.55) 0.37
Income, <$22,500 (≥$90,000 is reference group) 1.03 (0.72- 1.48) 0.87
Income, $22,500-$39,999 1.04 (0.73- 1.48) 0.83
Income, $40,000-$59,999 0.94 (0.65- 1.35) 0.74
Income, $60,000-$89,999 0.91 (0.63- 1.31) 0.61
Geographic region, New England (Pacific is reference group) 2.08 (1.17- 3.69) 0.013
Geographic region, Middle Atlantic 2.64 (1.71- 4.09) <0.0001
Geographic region, East North Central 2.40 (1.56- 3.69) <0.0001
Geographic region, West North Central 1.59 (0.89- 2.83) 0.12
Geographic region, South Atlantic 2.06 (1.35- 3.14) 0.001
Geographic region, East South Central 2.53 (1.48- 4.35) 0.001
Geographic region, West South Central 1.96 (1.21- 3.17) 0.006
Geographic region, Mountain 1.24 (0.67- 2.30) 0.49
Education, 8 th grade (graduate degree is reference group) 1.08 (0.50- 2.32) 0.85
Education, some high school 1.04 (0.58- 1.86) 0.90
Education, high school graduate 1.29 (0.88- 1.89) 0.19
Education, some college 1.40 (0.98- 2.00) 0.06
Education, college graduate 1.05 (0.71- 1.55) 0.80
Dyslipidemia (cholesterol problems), Yes (No is reference group) 2.04 (1.56- 2.69) <0.0001
Circulation problems, Yes (No is reference group) 4.95 (3.95- 6.21) <0.0001
Diabetes, Yes (No is reference group) 0.79 (0.64- 0.99) 0.038
Hypertension, Yes (No is reference group) 1.74 (1.36- 2.24) <0.0001
Abdominal obesity (waist circumference), Yes 0.80 (0.59- 1.08) 0.14
Current smoker (Never smoked is reference group) 1.40 (1.02- 1.91) 0.037
Past smoker 1.47 (1.16-1.86) 0.002
Cholesterol test in past year (Never is reference group) 1.23 (0.35-4.32) 0.75
  1. Model correctly identified 96.4% of atherosclerosis respondents (c-statistic).
  2. CVD = cardiovascular disease