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Table 5 Beta-coefficient (β) for systolic blood pressure among adults in Addis Ababa, Dec 2006.

From: Population based prevalence of high blood pressure among adults in Addis Ababa: uncovering a silent epidemic

  Males (n = 1398) Females (n = 1875)
  β SE P-value 95% CI for β β SE P-value 95% CI for β
Age 0.60 0.04 0.000 (0.50, 0.68) 0.56 0.05 0.000 (0.45, 0.66)
Education* -0.45 0.11 0.000 (-0.66, -0.22) -0.48 0.11 0.000 (-0.69, -0.25)
Religion 1.23 1.79 0.495 (-2.30, 4.75) 3.92 1.93 0.043 (0.12, 7.72)
Ethnic group -0.41 0.50 0.418 (-1.39, 0.58) 0.21 0.53 0.692 (-0.83, 1.26)
Body mass index 1.48 0.15 0.000 (1.18, 1.78) 0.88 0.10 0.000 (0.66, 1.09)
Waist-to-hip ratio 0.70 2.44 0.775 (-4.10, 5.50) 12.17 5.67 0.032 (1.04, 23.20)
Total physical activity -1.64 0.65 0.013 (-2.92, -0.35) 0.37 0.58 0.528 (-0.78, 1.52)
Current daily smoking 2.26 1.61 0.161 (-0.90, 5.42) -9.37 14.53 0.519 (-37.8, 19.12)
Adding salt on plate -0.32 1.46 0.828 (-3.19, 2.55) -2.41 1.70 0.158 (-5.75, 0.93)
Binge drinking -1.08 1.65 0.516 (-4.33, 2.17) 4.33 4.99 0.386 (-5.46, 14.12)
  1. * Education refers to the highest grade completed
  2. SE: standard error; CI: confidence interval