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Table 2 Hazard Ratios (HR, 95% Confidence Interval (CI)) of Cardiovascular and All-Cause Deaths According to Specified Blood Pressure Groups.

From: Ankle blood pressure as a predictor of total and cardiovascular mortality

  Model 1 Model 2
  HR 95% CI p HR 95% CI p
Cardiovascular death
Group 1 1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
Group 2 3.11 1.79 – 5.41 < 0.0001 2.62 1.49 – 4.62 0.0003
Group 3 2.77 1.48 – 5.16 0.003 2.48 1.33 – 6.62 0.003
Group 4 2.78 1.22 – 6.33 0.02 2.36 1.04 – 5.37 0.02
Group 5 8.45 4.42 – 16.15 <0.0001 4.28 2.07 – 8.87 <0.0001
All-cause death
Group 1 1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
Group 2 2.40 1.81 – 3.20 <0.0001 2.13 1.59 – 2.85 < 0.0001
Group 3 2.01 1.43 – 2.81 <0.0001 1.80 1.29 – 2.53 <0.0001
Group 4 1.98 1.25 – 3.15 0.003 1.70 1.07 – 2.70 0.03
Group 5 5.92 4.15 – 8.46 <0.0001 3.21 2.15 – 4.79 <0.0001
  1. Model 1: adjusted for age and sex
  2. Model 2: adjusted for age, sex, BMI, smoking, early parental cardiovascular disease, exercise capacity measured in metabolic equivalents, self-reported elevated cholesterol and abnormal blood glucose
  3. Please see Table 1 and the Methods-section for the explanation for the blood pressure groups