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Table 1 Distribution of baseline characteristics of the ARIC Study population (N = 14,430) according to gender.

From: Usual choline and betaine dietary intake and incident coronary heart disease: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study

Characteristic Gender
  Men Women
Age, y* 54.4 (5.76) 53.7 (5.71)
African American, % 23.0 29.9
Diabetes, % 8.6 9.6
Current smoker, % 27.5 24.6
Body mass index, kg/m2* 27.4 (4.15) 27.8 (6.10)
Choline intake, mg/day* 332.1 (124.7) 294.2 (111.9)
Betaine intake, mg/day* 118.1 (55.4) 102.4 (47.1)
Alcohol intake, g/day* 10.16 (17.83) 2.90 (7.21)
Dietary cholesterol, mg/day* 278.2 (139.4) 230.2 (112.0)
Dietary methionine, g/day* 1.74 (0.66) 1.63 (0.66)
Dietary fiber, g/day* 17.3 (7.94) 16.9 (8.02)
Dietary folate, μg/day* 234.4 (102.4) 221.5 (100.2)
Dietary saturated fatty acid, g/day* 24.2 (10.6) 19.9 (9.2)
  1. * Numbers presented are mean (SD).
  2. p < 0.001 for chi-square test comparing the two genders.