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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of patients according to medication adherence (n = 3,696).

From: Adherence to cardioprotective medications and mortality among patients with diabetes and ischemic heart disease

Variable Non-adherent (n = 728) Adherent (n = 2968) p-value
Male 58.9 62.0 0.13
Age, mean (STD) 67.7(11.3) 69.6(9.5) <0.01
Hypertension 91.8 92.3 0.59
Prior myocardial infarction 49.3 45.7 0.08
Peripheral vascular disease 11.8 9.5 0.07
Cerebrovascular disease 35.8 33.1 0.16
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 31.6 27.7 0.04
Heart failure 41.6 34.4 <0.01
Sleep apnea 25.0 22.8 0.21
Renal insufficiency 19.0 14.1 <0.01
Retinopathy 8.2 6.1 0.03
Hypercholesterolemia 81.5 85.5 <0.01
Statin prescription 66.7 75.1 <0.01
ACEI or ARB prescription 71.0 76.0 <0.01
β-blocker prescription 62.2 66.3 0.04
Blood pressure <130/80 mm Hg at baseline 39.3 39.5 0.91
LDL cholesterol <100 mg/dl at baseline 68.8 74.8 <0.01
Hemoglobin A1C <7% at baseline 46.1 45.9 0.88
  1. ACEI: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor ARB: Angiotensin Receptor Blocker