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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients with diabetes and ischemic heart disease (n = 3,998).

From: Adherence to cardioprotective medications and mortality among patients with diabetes and ischemic heart disease

Variable No cardioprotective medication (n = 288) 1 or more cardioprotective medication(s) (n = 3710) p-value
Male 50.7 61.6 <0.01
Age, mean (STD) 67.3(14.5) 69.3(9.8) 0.02
Hypertension 74.3 92.5 <0.01
Prior myocardial infarction 46.5 46.6 0.97
Peripheral vascular disease 8.0 10.2 0.24
Cerebrovascular disease 30.9 34.1 0.27
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 29.9 28.6 0.66
Heart failure 25.3 36.3 <0.01
Sleep apnea 20.1 23.4 0.21
Renal insufficiency 10.4 15.4 0.02
Retinopathy 6.9 6.6 0.82
Hypercholesterolemia 45.1 85.3 <0.01
Blood pressure <130/80 mm Hg at baseline 47.9 39.5 <0.01
LDL cholesterol <100 mg/dl at baseline 78.8 73.6 0.05
Hemoglobin A1C <7% at baseline 64.2 45.7 <0.01