Skip to main content

Table 3 Demographic and anthropometric characteristics of the three blood pressure groups, by sex.

From: Under- treatment and under diagnosis of hypertension: a serious problem in the United Arab Emirates

  Normotensives (1) P Value (1 vs. 2) Incident Hypertensives (2) P Value (1 vs. 3) Self-Reported Hypertensives (3) P Value (2 vs. 3)
  F (n = 142) M (n = 281)   F (n = 53) M (n = 163)   F (n = 123) M (n = 226)  
  Mean SD Mean SD   Mean SD Mean SD   Mean SD Mean SD  
Age (yrs) 38.5 8.2 44.2 9.6 0.049 39.7 8.8 45.5 8.2 0.001 49.8 10.3 51.4 8.5 0.001
BMI (Kg/m2) 27.8 6.1 26.5 3.7 0.019 29.3 5.4 27.7 5.1 0.000 30.8 6.7 27.9 4.8 NS
WHR (× 100) 84.9 8.7 92.5 5.7 NS 83.4 9.4 92.3 5.7 0.000 91.9 8.6 95.7 4.9 0.000
Waist Circ. (cm) 88.5 13.5 94.8 10.6 .004 92.5 15.6 97.3 12.1 0.000 98.7 12.9 99.2 10.5 0.018
DBP (mm Hg) 77.2 5.5 77.4 5.6 0.000 89.8 6 91.4 7.2 0.000 89.6 10.5 89.8 10.5 NS
Pulse (B/Min) 74.1 7.8 72.9 6.5 NS 75.9 7.8 73.1 7.8 0.030 75.8 9.4 74.2 8.8 NS
  1. BMI: body mass index; WHR: waist to hip ratio; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; NS: not significant (p > 0.05); Incident Hypertensives are SR normotensives with high blood pressure. The differences between the three methods are tested using Tukey's method, adjusted for sex.