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Table 3 Mean levels of cardiovascular risk variables among the subpopulations discordant for quartiles of LAP and BMI. Estimates derived for US adults from NHANES III, 1988–1994.

From: The "lipid accumulation product" performs better than the body mass index for recognizing cardiovascular risk: a population-based comparison

   Mean (SE) adjusted for sex and race-ethnicity   Mean (SE) adjusted for sex, race-ethnicity, and age  
Dependent variable, units Discordant survey sample (N) LAP quartile > BMI quartile BMI quartile > LAP quartile P value LAP quartile > BMI quartile BMI quartile > LAP quartile P value
Total cholesterol, mmol/L 4598 5.62 (0.04) 4.89 (0.04) <0.0001 5.50 (0.04) 5.00 (0.04) <0.0001
HDL cholesterol, mmol/L 4578 1.24 (0.01) 1.37 (0.01) <0.0001 1.22 (0.01) 1.39 (0.01) <0.0001
LDL cholesterol, mmol/L 3333 3.50 (0.04) 3.11 (0.05) <0.0001 3.40 (0.04) 3.20 (0.05) 0.0003
Total cholesterol / HDL cholest. 4577 4.93 (0.06) 3.78 (0.05) <0.0001 4.88 (0.06) 3.82 (0.05) <0.0001
Apolipoprotein B, g/L 2245* 1.13 (0.01) 0.94 (0.01) <0.0001 1.10 (0.01) 0.97 (0.01) <0.0001
ApoB/ApoA1 2230* 0.809 (0.012) 0.681 (0.010) <0.0001 0.799 (0.013) 0.690 (0.010) <0.0001
LDL cholesterol /ApoB, mmol/g 1614* 3.06 (0.04) 3.26 (0.03) 0.0007 3.03 (0.04) 3.29 (0.03) <0.0001
Uric acid, mmol/L 4533 327 (2) 311 (3) <0.0001 325 (2) 313 (3) 0.0004
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 4595 124.9 (0.7) 118.3 (0.4) <0.0001 121.3 (0.6) 121.6 (0.4) 0.62
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 4595 74.5 (0.3) 73.0 (0.3) 0.0018 74.1 (0.3) 73.4 (0.3) 0.14
Heart rate, bpm 4494 75.0 (0.5) 72.4 (0.6) 0.0005 75.1 (0.5) 72.3 (0.6) 0.0001
  1. * Lipoprotein data obtained only during phase 1 of NHANES III.
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