Skip to main content

Table 1 Comparison of women with serial scans vs women with calcium score <10

From: Progression of coronary calcification in healthy postmenopausal women

  Group A Group B  
  mean (SD) p value
N 94 609  
Age, y 65 (9) 61 (8) <0.0001
Body mass index, kg/m2 26.1 (6.1) 25.9 (5.6) NS
Baseline calcium score, Agatston units 162 (220) 0.5 (1.6) <0.0001
% dietary calories from fat 27 (8) 26.5 (7.4) NS
BP, mm Hg    
   Systolic 126 (19) 119 (17) 0.001
   Diastolic 75 (10) 73 (13) NS
  No. (%)   
Ethnicity    <0.0001
   White 58 (62%) 490 (80%)  
   Black 31 (33%) 88 (14%)  
   Asian/Pacific islander 3 (3%) 12 (2%)  
   Hispanic 1 (1%) 11 (2%)  
   Unknown 1 (1%) 8 (1%)  
Hypertension* 41 (44%) 146 (24%) <0.0001
Diabetes mellitus 5 (5%) 7 (1%) 0.004
Current smoking 8 (9%) 24 (4%) <0.05
Self-reported high cholesterol requiring pills 20 (21%) 76 (12%) 0.02
Hormone use at baseline 42 (45%) 366 (60%) 0.005
Statin use at baseline 9 (10%) 51 (8%) <0.05
# days/week moderate/vigorous exercise 2.2 (2.3) 2.5 (2.4) NS
  1. Group A, women with baseline calcium score ≥10 Agatston units and serial scans;
  2. Group B, women with baseline calcium score <10
  3. * Self-reported hypertension or measured BP systolic >140 or diastolic >90