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Table 2 The basic characteristics of hospitalized CHF patients in groups of whether experienced readmissions

From: Using the LACE index to predict hospital readmissions in congestive heart failure patients

  Readmission n = 62 No readmission n = 191 p
LACE index ± SD 12.17 ± 2.22 11.80 ± 1.92 0.199
Age, mean year ± SD 57.67 ± 11.68 56.17 ± 11.43 0.375
Age group, %    
  <65 years 75.81 79.58 0.529
  ≥65 years 24.19 20.42  
Male Gender, % 62.90 61.78 0.874
Ethnicity and race, %    
  White 22.58 29.32 0.510
  Africa American 59.68 49.74  
  Hispanic 16.13 17.28  
  Others 1.61 3.66  
Length of index hospitalization stay, day ± SD 5.33 ± 3.32 5.90 ± 3.88 0.307
Number of ED visits 6 months before the index admission ± SD 0.80 ± 1.29 0.34 ± 0.73 <0.001
Charlson comorbidity index ± SD 4.62 ± 0.87 4.53 ± 1.01 0.532
Mode of arrival by Ambulance 35.48% (22/62) 38.30% (72/188) 0.692
No primary care physician/unknown 51.61% (32/62) 47.64% (91/191) 0.587
Psychiatric problems 17.74% (11/62) 22.51% (43/191) 0.426
Insurance type    
Charity program 27.42% (17/62) 19.90% (38/191) 0.611
Commercial insurance 0 1.57% (3/191)  
Medicaid 17.74% (11/62) 24.61% (47/191)  
Medicare 27.42% (17/62) 23.56% (45/191)  
Self pay 20.97% (13/62) 23.04% (44/191)  
Unknown 6.45% (4/62) 7.33% (14/191)