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Table 1 Clinical presentation – first cardiac medical examination

From: Rhabdomyomas and Tuberous sclerosis complex: our experience in 33 cases

Case n° Age at diagnosis Clinical signs at first examination ECG and Holter-ECG Echocardiography at diagnosis Cardiac surgery
1 2 months Arrhythmia Atrial and ventricular ectopic beats Multiple rhabdomyomas No
WPW Syndrome
2 1 month Heart murmur Normal Multiple rhabdomyomas No
3 2 months Heart murmur Widened QRS Multiple rhabdomyomas No
4 Fetal No symptoms but RVOT obstruction Normal Multiple rhabdomyomas No
5 1 day Heart murmur Normal Multiple rhabdomyomas No
LV obstruction
6 1 day Heart murmur Normal Multiple rhabdomyomas No
7 Fetal No symptoms RV hypertrophy Lobulated mass in LV No
8 Fetal No symptoms Normal Multiple rhabdomyomas No
9 1 month Heart murmur RV hypertrophy Lobulated mass in IVS No
10 1 day Cyanosis Atrial and ventricular ectopic beats Multiple rhabdomyomas No
LV obstrution
11 2 months No symptoms Atrial ectopic beats Multiple rhabdomyomas No
12 1 months No symptoms RV overload signs Multiple rhabdomyomas No
13 Fetal Heart failure Cyanosis Atrial and ventricular ectopic beats Multiple rhabdomyomas Yes
14 1 day Heart murmur Normal Multiple rhabdomyomas No
15 7 months Heart murmur Atrial and ventricular ectopic beats Multiple rhabdomyomas No
WPW Syndrome
16 1 day No symptoms Incomplete right bundle branch block Multiple rhabdomyomas No
17 9 months Heart murmur Normal Multiple rhabdomyomas No
18 1 day Arhythmia Atrial and ventricular ectopic beats Multiple rhabdomyomas No
19 Fetal No symptoms (hypokinesia) Normal Multiple rhabdomyomas No
20 4 months Heart murmur Ventricular ectopic beats and RV overload signs Multiple rhabdomyomas No
21 Fetal No symptoms WPW Syndrome Multiple rhabdomyomas No
IVS overload signs
22 3 days Heart murmur Normal Multiple rhabdomyomas No
23 11 months No symptoms RV overload signs Multiple rhabdomyomas No
24 5 months No symptoms Atrial and ventricular ectopic beats Multiple rhabdomyomas No
25 1 day Heart murmur Normal Multiple rhabdomyomas No
26 9 months Seizures Normal Multiple rhabdomyomas No
27 Fetal No symptoms Normal Multiple rhabdomyomas No
28 2 months No symptoms Normal Multiple rhabdomyomas No
29 Fetal No symptoms RV overload signs Multiple rhabdomyomas No
30 Fetal Heart murmur Normal Multiple rhabdomyomas No
31 7 days Heart murmur Normal Multiple rhabdomyomas No
32 21 days No symptoms RV hypertrophy Multiple rhabdomyomas No
33 Fetal Heart murmur Ventricular ectopic beats Multiple rhabdomyomas No