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Table 1 Study characteristics

From: Right ventricular dysfunction as an echocardiographic prognostic factor in hemodynamically stable patients with acute pulmonary embolism: a meta-analysis

  Author (Journal) Year Study design Patients number Diagnostic nodality RVD Definition Follow-up RVD (+) RVD (-)
Death Total Death Total
1 Grifoni et al. [7] (Circulation) 2000 Prospective 162 CT, V/Q scan or pulmonary angiography RVEDD>30mm, RV/LV>1, PSWM, or PH In-hospital mortality 4 65 3 97
2 Yalamanchili et al. [8] (Am J Cardiol) 2004 Retrospective 91 CT RVEDD>30mm, or RVHK and PSWM In-hospital mortality 4 25 8 66
3 Kucher et al. [9] (Arch Intern Med) 2005 Retrospective 1035 Necropsy, V/Q scan, pulmonary angiography or high suspicion in the setting of DVT RVHK 30-day mortality 65 405 59 630
4 Sukhija et al. [10] (Am J Cardiol) 2005 Retrospective 190 CT Right ventricular dilatation (RV>LV, or RV>4.5cm) In-hospital mortality 21 64 6 126
5 Grifoni et al. [11] (Arch Intern Med) 2006 Prospective 301 CT, V/Q scan or pulmonary angiography RVEDD>30mm, RV/LV>1, PSWM, or PH In-hospital mortality 24 146 21 155
6 Pieralli et al. [12] (Am J Cardiol) 2006 Prospective 61 CT or pulmonary angiography RVEDD>30mm, RV/LV>1, RVHK, PSWM, or PH In-hospital mortality 4 35 0 26
7 Jimenez et al. [13] (Arch Bronchoneumol) 2007 Prospective 214 CT or V/Q scan RVEDD>30mm, RV>LV, or RVHK 30-day mortality 4 86 3 128
8 Logeart et al. [14] (Intensive Care Med) 2007 Prospective 67 CT or V/Q scan Two or more of RV/LV>0.7, RVHK, IVC>10mm during inspiration, IVC bulging, TRV>2.7m/s In-hospital mortality 1 36 0 31
9 Palmieri et al. [15] (Intern Emerg Med) 2008 Prospective 89 CT RV/LV>0.9, PSWM, or depressed RV systolic function In-hospital mortality 8 48 4 41
10 Gallotta et al. [16] (Int J Cardio) 2008 Prospective 90 CT PSWM, RV diameter>15mm/m2, or low RV systolic function In-hospital mortality 10 65 2 25
11 Stein et al. [17] (Am J Cardio) 2011 Retrospective 392 CT or V/Q scan Quantitative in 325 patients, or RV/LV>1 in 67 patients In-hospital mortality 4 264 8 128
12 Jimenez et al. [18] (Thorax) 2011 Retrospective 591 CT, V/Q scan or high suspicion in the setting of DVT RVEDD>30mm, RV>LV, RVHK, or TRV>2.6m/s 30-day mortality 14 120 24 471
  1. RVEDD (Right ventricular end-diastolic diameter in precordial view), RV/LV (Right ventricular/left ventricular end-diastolic diameter in 4-chamber view), PSWM (Paradoxical septal wall motion), PH (Pulmonary hypertension), RVHK (Right ventricular hypokinesia), IVC (Inferior vena cava), TRV (Tricuspid regurgitation velocity).