Parameter

Female (n = 281)

Male (n = 257)



Mean ± SD

Mean ± SD


VO_{2} (mL/min)

1840 ± 458

3000 ± 632

VO_{2}/kg (mL/kg/min)

26.5 ± 6.9

35.0 ± 7.8

SBP (mmHg)

189 ± 23

215 ± 24

DBP (mmHg)

91 ± 13

93 ± 13

MAP (mmHg)

124 ± 14

134 ± 15

CP_{SBP} (mL/min/kg×mmHg)

4990 ± 1330

7490 ± 1780

CP_{MAP} (mL/min/kg×mmHg)

3260 ± 855

4630 ± 988

ECP_{Wasserman} (%mmHg)

19100 ± 5080

20500 ± 4920

ECP_{Koch} (%mmHg)

18800 ± 4900

21400 ± 4930

ECP_{Jones} (%mmHg)

18750 ± 5470

20500 ± 4820

VO_{2}/SBP (mL/min/mmHg)

9.8 ± 2.6

14.1 ± 3.3

VO_{2} (% predicted)_{Wasserman}

101 ± 24.6

96.0 ± 21.1

VO_{2} (% predicted)_{Koch}

99.6 ± 24.0

100 ± 20.9

WR (W)

163 ± 28.9

261 ± 47.4

WR (% predicted)

119 ± 22.7

113 ± 18.9

 VO2: oxygen consumption; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; MAP: mean arterial pressure; CP: circulatory power; ECP: exercise cardiac power; WR: work rate. CP is given as a product of VO2 and systolic blood pressure (CP_{SBP}) as well as a product of VO2 and MAP (CP_{MAP}). ECP is presented using the alternative VO2 reference value equations provided by Wasserman et al. [26], Koch et al. [25], and Jones et al. [24] and indexed correspondingly in the table as ECP_{Wasserman}, ECP_{Koch}, and ECP_{Jones}.
 Values are shown as peak values and as a percentage of the predicted value.