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Table 2 Body fluid composition according to CVD risk factors

From: Hypovolaemia was associated with clustering of major cardiovascular risk factors in general population

  None Single Cluster P
Prevalence (%) 29.3 30.0 40.8 /
Age (year) 35.1 ± 7.8 38.3 ± 8.1 41.0 ± 7.6 < 0.001
Male (n,%) 969 (43.3) 1547 (67.5) 2791 (89.5) < 0.001
BW (kg) 59.3 ± 8.1 70.8 ± 11.4 80.5 ± 11.1 < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 21.3 ± 1.8 24.7 ± 3.0 27.5 ± 2.9 < 0.001
TBW (L) 34.0 ± 6.0 39.1 ± 6.8 43.6 ± 6.1 < 0.001
ICW (L) 22.8 ± 4.1 26.3 ± 4.6 29.4 ± 4.1 < 0.001
ECW (L) 11.2 ± 2.0 12.7 ± 2.2 14.2 ± 2.1 < 0.001
NECW (L/m)) 6.7 ± 0.9 7.5 ± 1.0 8.2 ± 0.9 < 0.001
LBM (kg) 46.3 ± 8.2 53.3 ± 9.3 59.5 ± 8.3 < 0.001
ECW/TBW 0.33 ± 0.01 0.33 ± 0.01 0.32 ± 0.01 < 0.001
Hypovolaemia (n,%) 223 (10.0) 397 (17.0) 738 (23.7) < 0.001
TBWwatson (L) 39.0 ± 6.8 45.2 ± 7.3 50.7 ± 5.8 < 0.001
TBW/TBWwatson 0.87 ± 0.05 0.86 ± 0.05 0.86 ± 0.05 < 0.001
DMI ( kg/m2) 9.1 ± 1.4 11.1 ± 2.2 12.6 ± 2.1 < 0.001
cfPWV (cm/s) 1245.5 ± 144.1 1308.4 ± 139.2 1419.0 ± 172.5 < 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: CVD, cardiovascular disease; BW, body weight; BMI, body mass index; TBW, total body water; ICW, intracellular water; ECW, extracellular water; NECW, normalization extracellular water; LBM, lean body mass; DMI, dry mass index; cfPWV, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity.