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Table 4 Adjusted hazard ratios for cardiovascular outcomes within all covariables include in the final multivariable models

From: Impact of psychosocial factors on cardiovascular morbimortality: a prospective cohort study

  Composite primary cardiovascular event Myocardial infarction Stroke Cardiovascular death
  HR (95% CI)†‡ p-value HR (95% CI)†‡ p-value HR (95% CI)†‡ p-value HR (95% CI)†‡ p-value
Age (years) 1.08 (1.06–1.10) <0.001 1.04 (1.00–1.07) 0.034 1.09 (1.05–1.12) <0.001 1.15 (1.11–1.19) <0.001
Type of Mediterranean diet         
  With extra-Virgin Olive oil 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
  With mixed nuts 0.97 (0.74–1.35) 0.984 0.98 (0.60–1.60) 0.938 0.76 (0.49–1.22) 0.277 1.37 (0.80–2.34) 0.255
  Low fat diet 1.42 (1.07–1.88) 0.014 1.35 (0.84–2.15) 0.205 1.44 (0.98–2.12) 0.062 1.38 (0.80–2.38) 0.242
High alcohol consumption 0.85 (0.63–1.15) 0.292 0.59 (0.35–1.00) 0.052 1.17 (0.77–1.77) 0.472 0.98 (0.58–1.66) 0.949
Smoking status         
  Never smoked 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
  Former smoker 1.45 (1–04–2.03) 0.031 1.47 (0.84–2.56) 0.176 1.14 (0.69–1.86) 0.615 2.27 (1.22- 4.24) 0.010
  Current-smoker 1.94 (1–33–2.84) 0.001 2.18 (1.20–3.97) 0.011 1.46 (0.82–2.58) 0.197 2.51 (1.20–5.22) 0.014
Body-mass index (Kg/m2) 1.01 (0.97–1.04) 0.661 1.01 (0.96–1.07) 0.697 1.00 (0.95–1.04) 0.875 1.03 (0.96–1.09) 0.421
Hypertension 1.79 (1.06–3.02) 0.030 1.53 (0.70–3.32) 0.284 2.19 (0.96–4.99) 0.063 2.22 (0.69–7.08) 0.179
Type 2 diabetes 1.30 (0.98–1.74) 0.071 1.23 (0.78–1.96) 0.374 1.53 (1.00–2.35) 0.052 1.21 (0.71–2.05) 0.477
Dyslipidaemia 0.91 (0.70–1.18) 0.468 0.82 (0.54–1.26) 0.376 0.94 (0.64–1.38) 0.762 0.89 (0.55–1.44) 0.630
Family history of premature CHD§ 1.24 (0.92–1.68) 0.155 1.56 (0.98–2.48) 0.060 1.25 (0.82–1.91) 0.304 0.70 (0.34–1.40) 0.313
  1. All Hazard Ratios are adjusted by sex and psychosocial factors (educational level, depression and social support in the household).
  2. Global test of proportional-hazard assumption (p-value based on the scaled Schoenfeld residuals): Composite primary cardiovascular event model (0.471); Myocardial infarction model (0.758); Stroke model (0.303); Cardiovascular death model (0.107).
  3. §CHD denotes coronary heart disease.