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Table 3 Adjusted hazard ratios for cardiovascular events according to psychosocial factors stratified by gender

From: Impact of psychosocial factors on cardiovascular morbimortality: a prospective cohort study

  Composite primary cardiovascular event Myocardial infarction Stroke Cardiovascular death
  Adjusted HR (95% CI)†‡ p-value Adjusted HR (95% CI)†‡ p-value Adjusted HR (95% CI)†‡ p-value Adjusted HR (95% CI)†‡ p-value
Men         
  Educational level*         
  High education 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
  Low education 1.25 (0.87–1.80) 0.223 1.34 (0.76–2.35) 0.308 2.11 (1.09–4.06) 0.026 0.65 (0.36–1.16) 0.148
  Social support in the household         
  Live with others 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
  Live alone 0.74 (0.30–1.61) 0.512 0.74 (0.18–3.05) 0.682 0.33 (0.46–2.39) 0.272 1.53 (0.47–4.98) 0.477
  Diagnosis of Depression         
  No 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
  Yes 0.76 (0.40–1.46) 0.414 0.50 (0.16–1.60) 0.241 0.56 (0.17–1.79) 0.327 1.42 (0.56–3.62) 0.460
Women         
  Educational level*         
  High education 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
  Low education 0.97 (0.56–1.70) 0.922 0.63 (0.27–1.50) 0.295 1.46 (0.62–3.43) 0.383 0.56 (0.22–1.39) 0.211
  Social support in the household         
  Live with others 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
  Live alone 0.81 (0.48–1.37) 0.437 1.12 (0.45–2.79) 0.810 0.54 (0.25–1.16) 0.114 1.04 (0.43–2.54) 0.926
  Diagnosis of Depression         
  No 1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)   1.00 (ref)  
  Yes 0.76 (0.48–1.22) 0.256 1.19 (0.57–2.48) 0.650 0.71 (0.38–1.33) 0.281 0.71 (0.27–1.88) 0.495
  1. *High education means university studies or secondary school; Low education: up to primary studies.
  2. Multivariable models were adjusted by: age, smoking, alcohol consumption, body-mass index, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia and family history of premature coronary heart disease, and type Mediterranean diet intervention.
  3. Global test of proportional-hazard assumption (p-value based on the scaled Schoenfeld residuals) men: Composite primary cardiovascular event model (0.172); Myocardial infarction model (0.723); Stroke model (0.260); Cardiovascular death model (0.369); women: Global test of proportional-hazard assumption (p-value based on the scaled Schoenfeld residuals) women: Composite primary cardiovascular event model (0.553); Myocardial infarction model (0.320); Stroke model (0.870); Cardiovascular death model (0.458).