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Table 1 Demographic data and operative profiles

From: Preoperative risk factor analysis of postoperative stroke after Cox-maze procedure with mitral valve repair

Number of patients 240
Age, years 56.9 ± 12.1
M/F, n 91/149
HTN, n (%) 39 (16.3)
History of preoperative stroke 28 (11.7)
Prior cardiac surgery, n (%) 8 (3.3)
AF type  
Paroxysmal, n (%) 5 (2.1)
Persistent, n (%) 235 (97.9)
Mitral diagnosis  
Rheumatic, n (%) 139 (57.9)
Degenerative, n (%) 94 (39.2)
Others, n (%) 7 (2.9)
Presence of left atrial thrombus, n (%) 22 (9.2)
Echocardiographic data  
LV EF,% 59.7 ± 7.4
LA dimension, mm 51.0 ± 11.7
MV operation  
MV repair, n (%) 240 (100)
Concomitant cardiac surgery  
AV repair, n (%) 80 (33.3)
TV repair, n (%) 64 (26.7)
CABG, n (%) 8 (3.3)
ASD or PFO closure, n (%) 9 (3.8)
Other, n (%) 3 (1.3)
  1. Abbreviations: HTN, hypertension; AF, atrial fibrillation; LV, left ventricle; EF, ejection fraction; LA, left atrium; MV mitral valve; AV, aortic valve; TV, tricuspid valve; CABG, coronary artery bypass graft; ASD, atrial septal defect; PFO, patent foramen ovale.