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Table 7 In-hospital clinical outcomes by ethnicity

From: Ethnic differences in the occurrence of acute coronary syndrome: results of the Malaysian National Cardiovascular Disease (NCVD) Database Registry (March 2006 - February 2010)

In-hospital clinical outcomes Ethnic group   F  χ2 df  P§
Malays Chinese Indians Others*
CCU Days 3.5(2.8) 3.2(2.6) 3.6(2.9) 3.2(2.5) 7.4    0.000
Total Days 5.0(3.7) 4.5(3.4) 4.7(3.5) 4.9(3.7) 11.3    0.000
Bleeding rate#         
Major+ 44(0.7) 13(0.5) 11(0.4) 1(0.2)   13.3 9 0.150
Minor 138(2.3) 57(2.1) 43(1.6) 11(2.1)     
Minimal 6(0.1) 1(0.0) 1(0.0) 0(0.0)     
None 5777(96.8) 2617(97.4) 2683(98.0) 524(97.8)     
Mortality rate#         
STEMI 309(9.2) 125(10.1) 96(8.1) 30(8.2)   3.3 3 0.352
NSTEMI/UA 204(6.5) 97(5.6) 69(3.7) 15(5.4)   17.8 3 0.000
Adjusted OR for mortality (95% CI) ¥         
STEMI 1 0.93 (0.74, 1.16) 0.93 (0.66, 1.47) 0.99 (0.66, 1.47)     
NSTEMI/UA 1 0.71 (0.55, 0.91) 0.57 (0.43, 0.76) 0.78 (0.45, 1.34)     
  1. *Others: Indigenous (Orang Asli), Kadazan, Melanau, Murut, Bajau, Bidayuh, Iban (minor ethnic groups) and other non-Malaysians.
  2. CCU: Coronary Care Unit.
  3. One-way ANOVA.
  4. Mean (SD).
  5. #Number (%).
  6. §P value.
  7. +TIMI (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction) major bleeding involves a hemoglobin drop >5 g/dL (with or without an identified site) or intracranial hemorrhage or cardiac tamponade.
  8. ¥Binary multiple logistic regression; ORs adjusted for age and sex.