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Table 2 Distribution of traditional cardiovascular risk factors according to sex

From: Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among adults without obvious cardiovascular disease in a rural community in Ekiti State, Southwest Nigeria

Variables Male (N = 33) Female (N = 71) Total (N = 104) X2 p-value
  N (%) N (%) N (%)   
BP Category (mmHg)
≥140/90 13 (39.4) 31 (28.1) 44 (42.3) 2.095 0.55
<140/90 12 (36.4) 23 (53.5) 35 (33.7)   
≥140/<90 6 (18.2) 16 (18.3) 22 (21.2)   
<140/≥90 2 (6.1) 1 (1.4) 3 (2.9)   
BMI (kg/m 2 )
<18.5 2 (6.1) 4 (5.6) 6 (5.8) 3.070 0.38
18.5–24.9 17 (51.5) 35 (49.3) 52 (50.0)   
25–29.9 12 (36.4) 19 (26.8) 31 (29.8)   
≥30 2 (6.0) 13 (18.3) 15 (14.4)   
Tobacco use
Non smoker 19 (57.6) 69 (97.2) 88 (84.6) 32.15 0.000
Ex-smoker 13 (39.4) 00 (00.0) 13 (12.5)   
Current smoker 1 (3.0) 2 (2.8) 3 (2.9)   
Alcohol consumption
None 9 (27.3) 63 (88.7) 72 (69.2) 40.247 0.000
Low risk 23 (69.6) 8 (11.3) 31 (29.8)   
High risk 1 (3.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.0)   
Blood sugar category
Diabetic 0 (0.0) 5 (7.0) 5 (4.8) 6.723 0.08
Impaired fasting glucose 1 (3.0) 3 (4.2) 4 (3.8)   
Non diabetic 30 (90.9) 63 (88.7) 93(89.4)   
No blood glucose result 2 (6.1) 0 (0.0) 2 (1.9)   
Waist circumference (cm)
≤102 (male), ≤88 (female) 3 (90.9) 34 (47.9) 64 (61.5) 17.617 0.000
>102 (male), >88 (female) 3 (9.1) 37 (52.1) 40 (38.5)   
Physical activity
Active 25 (75.8) 48 (67.6) 73 (70.2) 0.716 0.60
Inactive 8 (24.2) 23 (32.4) 31 (29.8)   
  1. BP Blood pressure, BMI Body mass index.