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Table 3 Nutrient intakes during the six-month intervention

From: The effects of plant stanol ester consumption on arterial stiffness and endothelial function in adults: a randomised controlled clinical trial

  Control group (n=46) Staest group (n=46) p*
  Baseline Intervention Baseline Intervention  
Energy (MJ/d) 7.8 ± 0.3 7.4 ± 0.3 7.8 ± 0.3 7.6 ± 0.3 0.880
Fat (% of energy) 34.9 ± 1.0 35.1 ± 0.8 33.3 ± 0.9 34.8 ± 0.8 0.424
SFA (% of energy) 11.5 ± 0.5 12.1 ± 0.5 11.3 ± 0.4 11.1 ± 0.4 0.188
MUFA (% of energy) 12.3 ± 0.5 12.4 ± 0.3 11.3 ± 0.4 12.8 ± 0.3 0.100
PUFA (% of energy) 5.8 ± 0.3 5.7 ± 0.3 5.4 ± 0.2 6.2 ± 0.2 0.097
Proteins (% of energy) 17.1 ± 0.5 16.4 ± 0.4 17.5 ± 0.4 16.8 ± 0.5 0.886
Carbohydrates (% of energy) 40.9 ± 1 41.6 ± 0.9 42.2 ± 1.0 41.0 ± 0.9 0.168
Alcohol (% of energy) 2.6 ± 0.5 1.9 ± 0.5 2.2 ± 0.5 2.4 ± 0.5 0.169
Cholesterol (mg/d) 234.4 ± 16.7 205.2 ± 15.1 210.9 ± 11.1 212.4 ± 13.8 0.339
Cholesterol (mg/MJ) 30.5 ± 2.1 27.9 ± 1.7 27.6 ± 1.7 28.2 ± 1.6 0.358
Total fiber (g/d) 20.5 ± 1 20.0 ± 0.9 22.0 ± 1 21.6 ± 1.2 0.951
Total fiber (g/MJ) 2.7 ± 0.1 2.9 ± 0.1 2.8 ± 0.1 2.9 ± 0.1 0.615
  1. All values are means±SEM. Staest, plant stanol ester. SFA Saturated fatty acids, MUFA Monounsaturated fatty acids, PUFA Polyunsaturated fatty acids. The nutrient intake at baseline did not differ significantly between the groups.
  2. *Group by time interaction analyzed by repeated measures of variance analysis (general linear model).
  3. p<0.05, change over time.