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Table 3 Utilisation and cost of health care services for health coaching (HC) and usual care (HC) groups a

From: Cost-effectiveness of a coronary heart disease secondary prevention program in patients with myocardial infarction: results from a randomised controlled trial (ProActive Heart)

  Utilisation Cost
Mean (se) HC UC p-value HC UC p-value
N 215 215   215 215  
Health coach sessions 7.2 (0.2)   N/A $267 ($7) - N/A
General Practitioner visits 11.2 (0.4) 11.8 (0.3) 0.188 $446 ($14) $470 ($14) 0.188
Specialist visits 1.6 (0.2) 1.1 (0.1) 0.004 $88 ($7) $61 ($5) 0.004
Other health professionals 2.2 (0.3) 1.6 (0.2) 0.048 $104 ($10) $81 ($8) 0.048
Health services 4.8 (0.4) 5.1 (0.5) 0.815 $1,161 ($101) $1,222 ($119) 0.798
Medication
  • Cardiac system 2.4 (0.1) 2.5 (0.1) 0.414 $312 ($16) $329 ($16) 0.328
  • Lipid modifying drugs 0.8 (0.0) 0.9 (0.1) 0.486 $474 ($17) $492 ($16) 0.616
  • Antithrombotic agents 1.6 (0.0) 1.7 (0.0) 0.462 $385 ($14) $394 ($15) 0.593
  • Drugs used in diabetes 0.4 (0.0) 0.4 (0.0) 0.365 $191 ($29) $169 ($27) 0.419
  • Other medicines 1.4 (0.1) 1.3 (0.1) 0.593 $305 ($26) $332 ($52) 0.536
Hospital admittance/patient
  • MI/angina/CHF 0.6 (0.1) 0.5 (0.1) 0.240 $4,714 ($641) $4,139 ($771) 0.240
  • Other causes 0.9 (0.5) 0.2 (0.1) 0.054 $2,127 ($558) $846 ($214) 0.043
  • Total 1.5 (0.5) 0.7 (0.1) 0.042 $6,841 ($838) $4,984 ($802) 0.036
Total cost     $10,574 ($855) $8,534 ($813) 0.021
  1. a Using multiple imputation techniques where gender was used as a predictor.
  2. MI, myocardial infarction; CHF, chronic heart failure.