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Table 2 Metabolic factors and carotid atherosclerosis in the population with normal BP and high normal BP according to ESH/ESC-2007

From: Prehypertension is associated with increased carotid atherosclerotic plaque in the community population of Southern China

  Normal BP High normal BP P values
N 191 118 ----
Male/female 57/134 49/69 0.036
Age, years 56.1 ± 5.2 56.9 ± 5.8 0.042
WC, cm 81.5 ± 8.5 83.9 ± 8.5 0.938
WHR 0.88 ± 0.07 0.89 ± 0.06 0.575
BMI, kg/m2 23.2 ± 3.1 24.0 ± 2.9 0.568
SBP, mmHg 120.8 ± 4.2 129.7 ± 5.5 0.457
DBP, mmHg 77.2 ± 4.8 80.7 ± 5.6 0.386
PP, mmHg 43.7 ± 6.9 49.0 ± 8.8 0.121
FBG, mmol/L 5.1 ± 0.9 5.1 ± 0.9 0.597
TC, mmol/L 5.22 ± 0.97 5.38 ± 0.98 0.809
TG, mmol/L 1.70 ± 1.09 1.81 ± 1.12 0.930
LDL-C, mmol/L 3.60 ± 0.90 3.63 ± 0.84 0.793
HDL-C, mmol/L 1.40 ± 0.39 1.38 ± 0.31 0.362
DM, n (%) 12 (6.3) 11 (9.3) 0.323
CHD, n (%) 5 (2.6) 3 (2.5) 0.968
IS, n (%) 2 (1.0) 2 (1.7) 0.625
Smokers, n (%) 38 (19.9) 21 (17.8) 0.648
Alcohol, n (%) 16 (8.4) 9 (7.6) 0.814
WHO CO, n (%) 102 (53.2) 77 (65.3) 0.040
Antihypertensive drugs, n (%) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) ----
Antidiabetic drugs, n (%) 10 (5.2) 7 (5.9) 0.794
Lipid-lowing drugs, n (%) 4 (2.1%) 1 (0.8) 0.399
IMTmean, mm 0.76 ± 0.13 0.77 ± 0.14 0.596
Plaque (+), n (%) 43 (22.5) 34 (28.8) 0.213
  1. BP, blood pressure; WC, waist circumference; WHR, waist-to-hip ratio; BMI, body mass index; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; PP, pulse pressure; FBG, fasting blood glucose; TC, total cholesterol; TG, triglyceride; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; DM, diabetes mellitus; CHD, coronary heart diseases; IS, ischemic stroke; WHO CO, central obesity of WHO criteria; IMTmean, mean intima-media thickness of bilateral carotid arteries.
  2. Values are unadjusted mean ± SD or number (percent). P values are compared between the two groups by student’s T-tests or χ 2 tests.