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Table 3 Ethnic differences in outcomes among patients who underwent PCI and CABG

From: Outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass grafting surgery in Chinese, South Asian and white patients with acute myocardial infarction: administrative data analysis

Outcome Chinese vs. White South Asians vs. White Chinese vs. South Asian
PCI
30-day mortality OR (95% CI) [p] 2.36 (1.12-5.00) [p = 0.02] 1.63 (0.83-3.20) [p = 0.15] 1.45 (0.56-3.77) [p = 0.45]
1-year mortality HR (95% CI) [p] 0.69 (0.30-1.57) [p = 0.37] 0.77 (0.43-1.40) [p = 0.39] 0.89 (0.33-2.40) [p = 0.82]
Recurrent AMI* HR (95% CI) [p] 1.04 (0.71-1.51) [p = 0.86] 1.34 (1.08-1.67) [p = 0.007] 0.77 (0.51-1.17) [p = 0.22]
Heart failure* HR (95% CI) [p] 1.72 (0.74-4.02) [p = 0.21] 1.81 (1.00-3.29) [p = 0.051] 0.95 (0.36-2.55) [p = 0.92]
CABG
30-day mortality OR (95% CI) [p] 0.91 (0.20-4.22), [p = 0.91] 0.64 (0.20-2.01) [p = 0.44] 1.43 (0.23-9.04) [p = 0.70]
1-year mortality HR (95% CI) [p] 0.14 (0.001-1.05) [p = 0.18] 1.12 (0.50-2.25) [p = 0.76] 0.13 (0.01-2.43) [p = 0.17]
Recurrent AMI** HR (95% CI) [p] 0.52 (0.07-3.80) [p = 0.52] 0.44 (0.10-1.85) [p = 0.26] 1.18 (0.11-13.24) [p = 0.90]
Heart failure** HR (95% CI) [p] 1.72 (0.52-5.75) [p = 0.38] 2.06 (0.92-4.61) [p = 0.08] 0.84(0.21-3.32) [p = 0.80]
  1. Models are adjusted for age, sex, SES, distance to nearest hospital, time from diagnosis of AMI to a procedure (PCI/CABG), severity of coronary disease and comorbid conditions.
  2. PCI: Chinese, n = 139; South Asians, n = 371; White, n = 4219.
  3. CABG: Chinese, n = 43; South Asians, n = 137; White, n = 1507.
  4. *among survivors only, Chinese, n = 123; South Asian, n = 347; White, n = 3879.
  5. **among survivors only, Chinese, n = 31; South Asian, n = 85; White, n = 1010.