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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients

From: A comparison of Chinese and non-Chinese Canadian patients hospitalized with heart failure

  Chinese (n = 1,339) Non-Chinese (n = 97,939) P
Mean age, y 76.1 75.9 0.22
Female, % 53.0 51.2 0.20
Charlson-Deyo Comorbidity Index    
  Mean score 1.85 1.77 0.10
Cardiovascular comorbidities, %    
  Acute myocardial infarction 17.7 23.4 <0.001
  Atrial fibrillation/flutter 30.2 30.9 0.59
  Cerebrovascular disease 11.6 12.2 0.50
  Hypertension 51.8 42.3 <0.001
  Peripheral vascular disease 5.0 9.1 <0.001
  Valvular heart disease 17.6 14.4 0.001
Other comorbidities, %    
  Cancer, metastatic 2.2 2.0 0.67
  Cancer, primary 4.9 6.6 0.011
  Dementia 4.9 5.9 0.093
  Diabetes 23.5 20.0 <0.001
  Diabetes with chronic complications 14.0 10.1 <0.001
  Digestive ulcer 3.5 2.6 0.030
  Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 13.4 22.3 <0.001
  Rheumatologic diseases 1.0 2.1 0.006
HF etiology, %    
  Ischemic heart disease 35.3 47.7 <0.001
  Valvular heart disease 11.6 7.2
  Hypertension 26.1 16.1
  Unknown/other 27.1 28.9