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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Impact of yoga on blood pressure and quality of life in patients with hypertension – a controlled trial in primary care, matched for systolic blood pressure

  Intervention group 1 Intervention group 2 Group 3
Yoga class group Yoga at home group Control group
n = 28 n = 28 n = 27
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Age in years 66.2 (7.7) 64.0 (10.3) 60.8 (11.0)
% female 67.9 71.4 59.3
BMI (kg/m2) 29.7 (7.0) 28.5 (7.3) 28.8 (4.0)
SBP (mmHg) 143.8 (14.9) 143.6 (14.2) 144.3 (14.5)
DBP (mmHg) 89.0 (7.6) 88.4 (6.2) 89.8 (7.3)
On medication (%) 96.4 92.9 85.2
Well controlled (%)§ 39.3 35.7 37.0
Drugs§§ 2.0 (1.1) 1.8 (1.0) 1.4 (1.0)
 ACEI (n) 10 6 8
 ARB (n) 7 5 5
 Thiazides (n) 13 17 8
 CCB (n) 10 10 4
 BB (n) 17 11 13
 Loop diuretics (n) 0 1 1
FP glucose (mmol/L) 5.5 (0.8) 5.4 (1.6) 5.9 (2.3)
HbA1c (mmol/mol) 40.9 (10.5) 40.0 (8.5) 39.6 (10.1)
Cholesterol (mmol/L) 5.2 (1.0) 5.4 (1.1) 5.3 (1.2)
WHO 1† 3.59 (0.8) 4.07 (0.7)* 3.96 (0.7)
WHO 2‡ 3.04 (0.9) 3.61 (0.9)* 3.31 (0.7)
  1. §BP ≤140/90 mmHg at baseline.
  2. §§Number of different antihypertensive drugs.
  3. †WHO 1: How would you rate your quality of life? Very poor (1), poor (2), neither poor nor good (3), good (4), very good (5).
  4. ‡WHO 2: How satisfied are you with your health? Very dissatisfied (1), dissatisfied (2), neither satisfied nor dissatisfied (3), satisfied (4), very satisfied (5).
  5. *Significant difference compared to control (p < 0.05).
  6. SD, standard deviation; BMI, body mass index; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; ACEI, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor; ARB, angiotensin receptor blocker; CCB, calcium receptor blocker; BB, beta blocker.