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Table 4 Predictors of pre-hypertension compared to normal blood pressure and to hypertension

From: Pre-hypertension in Uganda: a cross-sectional study

Variable Normal BP versus pre-hypertension Pre-hypertension versus hypertension
  COR (CI) AOR (CI) COR (CI) AOR (CI)
Age is 40 years and more
  1.63 (1.39-1.90)*** 1.51 (1.27-1.79)*** 3.65 (3.08-4.34)*** 3.47 (2.87-4.19)***
Reported infrequent or no physical activity
  1.00 (0.82-1.23) ns - 1.66 (1.34-2.04)*** 1.31 (1.05-1.63)*
Reported infrequent consumption of fruits
  1.02 (0.84-1.12) ns - 1.27 (1.07-1.51)** -
Reported infrequent consumption of vegetables
  1.08 (0.94-1.24) ns - 1.11 (0.94-1.31) -
Reported current consumption of alcohol
  1.34 (1.14-1.57)*** 1.19 (1.01-1.41)* 1.32 (1.21-1.86)** -
Reported current smoking
  1.09 (0.80-1.47) ns 1.61 (1.18-2.18)** 1.11 (0.77-1.52) ns -
Not currently married or co-habiting
  1.32 (1.15-1.54)*** 1.33 (1.12-1.58)*** 1.10 (0.93-1.30) ns -
Body Mass Index was 25 Kg/M2 or more
  1.34 (1.11-1.62)** 1.69 (1.42-2.01)*** 1.67 (1.40-2.04)*** 1.52 (1.25-1.84)***
Had not attained secondary level of education
  1.04 (0.86-1.13) - 1.55 (1.30-1.84)** -
Sex (male or female)
  μ2.09 (1.79-2.43)*** μ 2.26 (1.90-2.71)*** ∫1.34 (1.14-1.59)** -
Resided in an urban area
  1.12 (0.96-1.30) ns - 1.12 (0.94-1.33) ns 1.38 (1.14-1.68)**
  1. COR crude odds ratios; AOR adjusted odds ratios; CI confidence interval.
  2. Ns P > 0.05; *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001.
  3. μ female is the reference sex; ∫ male is the reference sex.