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Table 1 Distribution of studied variables by sex among survey participants

From: Pre-hypertension in Uganda: a cross-sectional study

Variable Total Female Male P-value
Age in years
Below 40 2628 (63.4) 1762 (66.1) 866 (58.6)  
40-59 1090 (26.3) 666 (25.0) 424 (28.7)  
Above 60 424 (10.2) 237 (8.9) 187 (12.7) < 0.001
Place of residence
Urban 1369 (33.1) 893 (33.5) 476 (32.2)  
Rural 2773 (66.9) 1772 (66.5) 1001 (67.8) 0.42
Education level
None/primary 2375 (57.3) 1609 (60.4) 766 (51.9)  
Secondary/tertiary 1767 (42.7) 1056 (39.6) 711 (48.1) < 0.001
Marital status
Currently married 2573 (62.1) 1668 (62.6) 905 (61.3)  
Not married 1767 (42.7) 997 (37.4) 572 (38.7) 0.40
Currently smokes
Yes 267 (6.4) 52 (2.0) 215 (14.6)  
No 3875 (93.6) 2613 (98.0) 1262 (85.4) < 0.001
Currently consumes alcohol
Yes 1068 (25.8) 528 (19.8) 540 (36.6)  
No 3074 (74.2) 2137 (80.2) 937 (63.4) < 0.001
Body mass index (Kg/M2)
Less than 25 3305 (79.8) 1952 (73.2) 1353 (91.6)  
25 to less than 30 589 (14.2) 487 (18.3) 102 (6.9)  
30 and above 248 (6.0) 226 (8.5) 22 (1.5) < 0.001
Physical activity
Frequent 3465 (83.7) 2192 (82.3) 1273 (86.2)  
Infrequent/none 677 (16.3) 473 (17.7) 204 (13.8) 0.001
Fruit consumption
Infrequent 2449 (59.1) 1562 (58.6) 887 (60.4)  
Frequent 1693 (40.9) 1103 (41.4) 590 (39.9) 0.37
Vegetables consumption
Infrequent 1899 (45.8) 1180 (44.3) 719 (48.7)  
Frequent 2243 (54.2) 1485 (55.7) 758 (51.3) 0.007
  1. P-value relates to differences between men and women.
  2. Numbers in parentheses are percentages.