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Table 1 Summary of included study characteristics

From: Effects of care pathways on the in-hospital treatment of heart failure: a systematic review

Author Study design Control type Setting Length of study (months) Patients Sex% Male Mean age Patients demographics Main outcome NYHA class
Pathway Control Pathway Control
Panella 2009 CRCT (multicentered) Prospective 14 hospitals located in four Italian regions, Italy 19 429 47,7 51,2 81,7 79,7 Gender, age, severity at admission, co-morbidities In-hospital mortality, length of stay, appropriateness of stay, unscheduled readmission rate II,III,IV
Philbin 2000 CRCT (multicentered) Prospective 10 Hospitals in Newyork, the USA 9 1504 49 48 77 74 Gender, age, race, insurance, medication use at admission In-hospital mortality, length of stay, readmission rate, hospitalizations cost -
Azad 2008 RCT (monocentric) Prospective Ottova Hospital, Canada 6 91 0 0 75,8 74,2 Gender, age, satisfaction scores Mean hospitalization,
In-hospital mortality
I,II,III
Panella 2003 Interrupted time series (monocentric) Prospective Italian hospital, Italy 12 246 43,62 - 78,9 - Gender, age In-patient mortality, length of stay, readmission rate within 31 days II,III,IV
Discher 2003 Controlled trial (monocentric) Historical General hospital, the USA 12 593 - - - - - Length of stay,
hospitalization cost, Nursing satisfaction
-
Lanzieri 1999 Controlled trial (monocentric) Historical Central Maine Medical Central, Lewiston, the USA 18 73 53,8 55,9 68 65,7 Gender, age In-hospital mortality, length of stay, readmission rate -
Rauh 1999 Controlled trial (monocentric) Historical Elmhurst memorial hospital, Illnois the USA 12 754 42 50 75,8 74,39 Gender, age, co-morbidities Length of stay, admission/readmission rate,
hospitalizations cost
III,IV