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Table 2 Mean baseline circulating levels of the inflammatory markers

From: Effects of fish oil supplementation on inflammatory markers in chronic heart failure: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Study hsCRP TNF-α IL-1 IL-6 sICAM-1 sVCAM-1
  μg/ml pg/ml pg/ml pg/ml pg/ml pg/ml
Mehra 2006 NR 1.5 NR NR NR NR
O'Keefe 2006 1.3 6.7 NR 1.6 NR NR
Nodari 2009 NR 19.0 402.0 7.15 NR NR
Zhao 2009 5.6 61.5 NR 11.3 1.0 1.6
Eschen 2010 2.1 NR NR NR 0.3 0.7
Moertl 2011 a 5.0 2.5 NR 3.7 NR NR
Moertl 2011 b 5.0 2.3 NR 3.2 NR NR
Nodari 2011 NR 23.0 483.0 10.6 NR NR
  1. The study by Moertl et al. includes two intervention groups of different dosages of EPA + DHA (Moertl 2011a, EPA + DHA 840 mg/day and Moertl 2011b, EPA + DHA 3360 mg/day).
  2. hsCRP, high sensitivity C reactive protein; TNF-α, tumor necrosis factor α; IL-1, interleukin 1; IL-6, interleukin 6; sICAM-1, soluble intracellular adhesion molecule-1; sVCAM-1, soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1; NR, not reported.