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Table 2 Age-adjusted changes (95 % confidence interval) in mean or prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors after 3 years in the population at reference and intervention communes, estimated by multilevel linear regression model

From: Effectiveness of community-based comprehensive healthy lifestyle promotion on cardiovascular disease risk factors in a rural Vietnamese population: a quasi-experimental study

  Changes in reference commune after 3 years Changes in intervention commune after 3 years Difference-in-Difference between two communes
Female
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) −8.5 (−9.9; -7.2) −11.8 (−13.1; -10.4) −3.3 (−5.2; -1.4)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) −0.8 (−1.6; -0.1) −5.5 (−6.3; -4.7) −4.7 (−5.7; -3.6)
Hypertension (%) −7.5 (−10.6; -4.4) −11.3 (−14.4; -8.2) −3.8 (−8.2; 0.6)
Aware hypertension (%) 3.3 (−3.7; 10.3) 25.9 (18.8; 32.9) 22.5 (12.6; 32.5)
Treated hypertension (%) 4.1 (−1.1; 9.4) 55.8 (50.4; 61.1) 51.6 (44.1; 59.1)
Controlled blood pressure (%) −0.4 (−3.5; 2.8) 19.0 (15.8; 22.3) 19.4 (14.8; 24.0)
Weight (kg) −0.8 (−1.2; -0.5) 0.4 (0.1; 0.8) 1.3 (0.7; 1.8)
Body Mass Index (kg/cm2) −0.6 (−0.8; -0.5) −0.1 (−0.3; 0.03) 0.5 (0.3; 0.7)
Waist circumference (cm) 2.3 (1.9; 2.8) 3.8 (3.3; 4.2) 1.5 (0.8; 2.1)
Waist Hip Ratio (cm/cm) 0.03 (0.025; 0.034) 0.03 (0.025; 0.035) −0.001 (−0.07; 0.01)
Obesity (%) 4.2 (1.9; 6.5) 7.3 (5.1; 9.6) 3.1 (−0.1; 6.3)
Daily smoking (%) −0.01 (−0.5; 0.5) −0.9 (−1.4; -0.4) −0.9 (−1.6; -0.2)
Heavy drinking (%) −0.4 (−0.7; -0.03) −0.2 (−0.7; 0.3) 0.2 (−0.3; 0.7)
Salty diet (%) −2.5 (−5.9; 1.0) −8.9 (−12.3; -5.4) −6.4 (−11.3; -1.5)
Physical inactivity (%) 1.2 (−1.5; 3.9) 7.3 (4.6; 10.0) 6.1 (2.3; 9.9)
Male
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) −5.0 (−7.0; -3.0) −8.0 (−9.9; -6.2) −3.0 (−5.8; -0.3)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 0.4 (−0.7; 1.6) −4.2 (−5.2; -3.1) −4.6 (−6.2; -3.0)
Hypertension (%) −3.1 (−8.1; 1.9) −6.6 (−11.2; -2.0) −3.5 (−10.3; 3.3)
Aware hypertension (%) 0.1 (−9.3; 9.5) 16.0 (8.6; 23.3) 15.9 (4.0; 27.8)
Treated hypertension (%) 9.5 (2.3; 16.7) 38.9 (33.1; 44.6) 29.4 (20.2; 38.6)
Controlled blood pressure (%) 1.4 (−2.4; 5.3) 10.0 (6.9; 13.2) 8.6 (3.6; 13.6)
Weight (kg) −0.2 (−0.8; 0.3) 0.3 (−0.2; 0.8) 0.5 (−0.2; 1.2)
Body Mass Index (kg/cm2) −0.5 (−0.7; -0.3) −0.2 (−0.3; -0.01) 0.3 (0.03; 0.6)
Waist circumference (cm) 2.8 (2.0; 3.5) 3.1 (2.5; 3.8) 0.4 (−0.6; 1.4)
Waist Hip Ratio (cm/cm) 0.03 (0.019; 0.034) 0.02 (0.015; 0.028) −0.01 (−0.015; 0.005)
Obesity (%) −0.7 (−0.3; 1.8) −1.8 (−4.2; 0.5) −1.1 (−0.5; 2.3)
Daily smoking (%) −2.3 (−7.1; 2.6) 10.5 (−3.4; 5.5) 3.3 (−3.2; 9.9)
Heavy drinking (%) −11.6 (−17.1; -6.2) −9.0 (−14.0; -4.0) 2.6 (−4.6; 10.0)
Salty diet (%) 0.2 (−5.4; 5.8) −7.5 (−12.6; -2.3) −7.6 (−15.2; -0.03)
Physical inactivity (%) 5.2 (1.1; 9.3) 6.4 (2.6; 10.2) 1.2 (−4.3; 6.8)