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Table 2 Participant characteristics and seated haemodynamic parameters by age for normotensive males (M) and females (F)

From: Assessment of central haemomodynamics from a brachial cuff in a community setting

Decile parameter   <30 yrs 30-39 yrs 40-49 yrs 50-59 yrs 60-69 yrs 70-79 >80 ANOVA
M n = 42 n = 73 n = 100 n = 105 n = 77 n = 35 n = 18 Age Gender Age*gender
F n = 74 n = 95 n = 91 n = 128 n = 129 n = 64 n = 35
psystolic BP (mm Hg) M 123 ± 10 119 ± 10 123 ± 10 121 ± 11 124 ± 12 124 ± 12 122 ± 14 <0.001 0.001 <0.001
F 113 ± 12 111 ± 11 118 ± 12 123 ± 12 123 ± 11 124 ± 11 122 ± 12  
pdiastolic BP (mm Hg) M 70 ± 9 73 ± 8 76 ± 8 74 ± 9 74 ± 9 72 ± 10 68 ± 10 <0.001 <0.001 0.01
F 66 ± 8 65 ± 9 70 ± 10 73 ± 10 71 ± 10 72 ± 9 67 ± 9  
pPP (mm Hg) M 53 ± 10 46 ± 8 47 ± 8 47 ± 8 49 ± 9 50 ± 8 53 ± 9 <0.001 NS <0.001
F 47 ± 9 46 ± 9 48 ± 8 50 ± 9 52 ± 10 52 ± 10 54 ± 9  
MAP (mm Hg) M 88 ± 8 88 ± 8 91 ± 8 90 ± 9 91 ± 9 90 ± 10 86 ± 10 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
F 81 ± 9 81 ± 9 86 ± 10 89 ± 10 89 ± 9 90 ± 8 85 ± 9  
csystolic BP (mm Hg) M 108 ± 9 107 ± 9 111 ± 9 110 ± 11 113 ± 12 113 ± 14 112 ± 15 <0.001 0.002 <0.001
F 100 ± 11 100 ± 11 106 ± 12 112 ± 12 113 ± 11 114 ± 11 111 ± 11  
cPP (mm Hg) M 35 ± 7 32 ± 7 34 ± 6 34 ± 7 38 ± 8 39 ± 8 41 ± 7 <0.001 0.03 0.006
F 32 ± 6 33 ± 7 35 ± 7 38 ± 8 40 ± 8 40 ± 8 42 ± 8  
PP Amp (ratio) M 1.52 ± 0.18 1.44 ± 0.14 1.39 ± 0.12 1.37 ± 0.13 1.32 ± 0.10 1.32 ± 0.15 1.31 ± 0.12 <0.001 0.004 NS
  F 1.48 ± 0.17 1.40 ± 0.12 1.38 ± 0.12 1.33 ± 0.11 1.31 ± 0.10 1.30 ± 0.11 1.30 ± 0.11  
AP (mmHg) M 5 ± 4 6 ± 4 8 ± 4 8 ± 4 9 ± 4 10 ± 6 11 ± 5 <0.01 <0.001 NS
F 8 ± 5 9 ± 4 10 ± 4 12 ± 5 12 ± 5 13 ± 6 14 ± 6  
AIx (%) M 15 ± 10 19 ± 10 22 ± 10 23 ± 10 26 ± 8 26 ± 11 25 ± 11 <0.001 <0.001 NS
F 23 ± 11 28 ± 9 29 ± 9 32 ± 9 33 ± 9 33 ± 10 33 ± 11  
HR (beats/min) M 72 ± 10 72 ± 11 71 ± 10 75 ± 11 78 ± 12 76 ± 13 76 ± 14 0.03 NS NS
F 75 ± 13 74 ± 11 75 ± 13 75 ± 11 77 ± 14 76 ± 13 75 ± 14  
  1. Data are mean ± SD. ANOVA columns represent results from the two-way analysis of variance for age and gender including the interaction term.
  2. AP = augmentation pressure; AIx = augmentation index; cPP = central pulse pressure; csystolic BP = central systolic blood pressure; HR = heart rate; MAP = mean arterial pressure; pdiastolic BP = peripheral diastolic blood pressure; PP Amp = pulse pressure amplitude; pPP = peripheral pulse pressure; psystolic BP = peripheral systolic blood pressure.