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Table 1 Participant characteristics and seated haemodynamic parameters by age for males (M) and females (F)

From: Assessment of central haemomodynamics from a brachial cuff in a community setting

Decile parameter   <30 yrs 30-39 yrs 40-49 yrs 50-59 yrs 60-69 yrs 70-79 >80 ANOVA
M n = 51 n = 96 n = 138 n = 181 n = 151 n = 87 n = 35 Age Gender Age*gender
F n = 81 n = 108 n = 127 n = 193 n = 281 n = 161 n = 103
psystolic BP (mm Hg) M 128 ± 14 127 ± 17 132 ± 18 136 ± 22 140 ± 21 145 ± 23 145 ± 27 <0.001 0.003 0.002
F 116 ± 15 117 ± 18 128 ± 21 133 ± 19 141 ± 20 145 ± 21 147 ± 23
pdiastolic BP (mm Hg) M 72 ± 10 77 ± 11 80 ± 11 80 ± 13 81 ± 12 82 ± 14 76 ± 13 <0.001 <0.001 0.004
F 67 ± 9 68 ± 12 76 ± 14 76 ± 12 79 ± 13 80 ± 12 78 ± 13    
pPP (mm Hg) M 56 ± 12 50 ± 11 52 ± 12 56 ± 15 59 ± 14 63 ± 17 69 ± 20 <0.001 NS 0.016
  F 49 ± 10 49 ± 12 52 ± 12 57 ± 15 61 ± 14 65 ± 16 69 ± 15    
MAP (mm Hg) M 90 ± 10 93 ± 17 97 ± 12 99 ± 15 101 ± 14 103 ± 16 99 ± 17 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
  F 83 ± 10 84 ± 13 93 ± 16 95 ± 13 100 ± 14 101 ± 13 101 ± 15    
csystolic BP (mm Hg) M 111 ± 12 114 ± 17 120 ± 17 124 ± 20 129 ± 21 134 ± 23 132 ± 27 <0.001 0.021 0.011
  F 102 ± 14 105 ± 17 116 ± 20 122 ± 18 130 ± 20 134 ± 20 135 ± 23    
cPP (mm Hg) M 37 ± 8 35 ± 9 38 ± 11 42 ± 13 46 ± 13 50 ± 14 54 ± 18 <0.001 NS NS
  F 33 ± 8 35 ± 10 38 ± 10 44 ± 12 48 ± 13 52 ± 14 55 ± 14    
PP Amp (ratio) M 1.52 ± 0.17 1.42 ± 0.14 1.39 ± 0.15 1.35 ± 0.14 1.29 ± 0.12 1.28 ± 0.13 1.29 ± 0.14 <0.001 0.001 NS
  F 1.47 ± 0.16 1.40 ± 0.12 1.37 ± 0.12 1.32 ± 0.11 1.29 ± 0.11 1.26 ± 0.12 1.27 ± 0.12    
AP (mmHg) M 6 ± 4 7 ± 5 9 ± 6 11 ± 7 14 ± 8 15 ± 8 16 ± 10 <0.001 <0.001 NS
  F 8 ± 5 10 ± 6 11 ± 5 15 ± 7 18 ± 9 20 ± 10 20 ± 9    
AIx (%) M 14 ± 10 20 ± 10 23 ± 10 25 ± 10 29 ± 10 28 ± 10 28 ± 11 <0.001 <0.001 NS
  F 23 ± 11 28 ± 9 29 ± 8 33 ± 9 35 ± 10 36 ± 10 35 ± 11    
HR (beats/min) M 74 ± 12 73 ± 12 73 ± 11 75 ± 11 77 ± 12 75 ± 13 77 ± 14 0.009 NS NS
  F 75 ± 12 74 ± 11 75 ± 12 75 ± 11 77 ± 14 77 ± 12 76 ± 13    
  1. Data are mean ± SD. ANOVA columns represent results from the two-way analysis of variance for age and gender including the interaction term.
  2. AP = augmentation pressure; AIx = augmentation index; cPP = central pulse pressure; csystolic BP = central systolic blood pressure; HR = heart rate; MAP = mean arterial pressure; pdiastolic BP = peripheral diastolic blood pressure; PP Amp = pulse pressure amplitude; pPP = peripheral pulse pressure; psystolic BP = peripheral systolic blood pressure.