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Table 3 Prevalence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors in large population studies in Spain

From: Aragon workers’ health study – design and cohort description

Study ERICE[9]* DARIOS[10] Sánchez-Chaparro et al[31].
Population Eight cross-sectional studies representative of the general adult population of the study’s target area Studies representative of the general adult population of the study’s target area Cross-sectional study health insurance company
Period of data collection 1992 – 2001 2000 – 2009 2004 – 2005
Age range (years) 45 – 64 35 – 74 16 – 74
Sample size    
Men 2,782 13,425 158,593
Women 3,412 15,462 58,321
Current smoking (%)    
Men 38.6 33.0 51.3
Women 6.5 21.0 43.8
Hypertension (%)    
Men 49.0 47.0 27.0
Women 50.3 39.0 8.8
Hypercholesterolemia (%)**    
Men 59.8 81.0 48.7
Women 59.6 79.0 40.6
Diabetes (%)    
Men 2.3 16.0 3.0
Women 1.1 11.0 0.6
Obesity (%)    
Men 15.9 29.0 18.3
Women 13.3 29.0 8.0
  1. * The ERICE Study included participants >18 years old; data in the present table is restricted to participants 45 to 64 years old.
  2. ** Total cholesterol >200 mg/dL (5.2 mmol/L) in the ERICE Study and in the study by Sánchez-Chaparro et al., and >190 mg/dL (4.9 mmol/L) in the DARIOS Study.