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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis of factors associated with hypertension among study participants in Gondar city (n=679), May 2012

From: Prevalence and associated factors of hypertension among adults in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study

Variables Hypertension Crude OR Adjusted OR
  Yes No (95% CI) (95% CI)
Age     
  35-44 41 222 1.00 1.00
  45-54 39 123 1.72 (1.05-2.80)* 1.41 (0.74-2.69)
  ≥ 55 112 142 4.27 (2.82-6.47)* 3.33 (1.88-5. 90)*
Education level     
  No formal education 85 160 1.00 1.00
  Primary level 43 114 0.71 (0.46-1.10) 0.61 (0.31-1.22)
  Secondary 41 131 0.59 (0.38-0.91)* 0.89 (0.44-1.81)
  Tertiary 23 82 0.53 (0.31-0.89)* 0.85 (0.34-2.11)
Marital status     
  Single 21 52 1.00 1.00
  Married 83 272 0.76 (.43-1.33) 0.53 (0.23-1.24)
  Divorced 23 83 0.69 (.35-1.36) 0.52 (0.20-1.38)
  Widowed 65 80 2.01 (1.10-3.68)* 0.77 (0.31-1.89)
Occupation    
  Government employed 22 85 1.00 1.00
  Merchant 28 99 1.09 (0.58-2.05) 1.02 (0.37-2.85)
  Daily laborer 17 81 0.81 (0.40-1.64) 1.18 (0.37-3.76)
  House wife 87 153 2.20 (1.28-3.76)* 1.33 (0.52-3.44)
  Retired 28 42 2.58 (1.32-5.03)* 0.92 (0.29-2.90)
  **Others 10 27 1.43 (0.60-3.39) 1.05 (0.21-5.13)
BMI     
  Normal 101 298 1.00 1.00
  Underweight 10 60 0.49 (0.24-0.99)* 0.50 (0.22- 1.16)
  Overweight 58 114 1.50 (1.02-2.21)* 1.57 (0.93- 2.64)
  Obese 23 15 4.52 (2. 27–9.01)* 5.50 (2.07-14.62)*
Self reported DM     
  Yes 31 16 5.67 (3.02-10.64)* 4.15 (1.77-9.72)*
  No 161 471 1.00 1.00
Family history of hypertension     
  Yes 36 45 2.27 (1.41-3.64)* 2.71 (1.37-5.36)*
  No 156 442 1.00 1.00
Vegetable use/week     
  None 46 88 0.80 (0.46-1.40) 0.70 (0.30 -1.65)
  1-3days 112 347 0.49 (0.31-0.80)* 0.55 (0.26 -1.18)
  4-7days 34 52 1.00 1.00
Walking status for 10 minutes     
  Yes 173 472 1.00 1.00
  No 19 15 3.46 (1.72-6.96) 2.86 (1.15 -7.12)
  1. *= P-value < 0.05 **=drivers &farmers, (backward logistic regression method was employed).