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Table 4 Clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of different LV geometrical patterns

From: Assessment of left ventricular geometrical patterns and function among hypertensive patients at a tertiary hospital, Northern Tanzania

Clinical and echocardiographic variables (±SD) Left ventricular geometrical patterns p value
  Normal Concentric remodelling Concentric hypertrophy Eccentric hypertrophy  
Age (years) 57.62 ± 9.93 57.53 ± 9.99 61.19 ± 11.79 68.44 ± 10.25 <0.001
Male [n (%)] 36 (42.9) 12 (14.3) 16 (19.0) 20 (23.8) 0.003
Female [n(%)] 32 (22.4) 33 (23.1) 48 (33.4) 30 (21.0)  
Age at diagnosis (years) 54.85 ± 10.09 54.02 ± 8.84 55.17 ± 12.33 55.88 ± 11.13 0.865
BMI (kg/m2) 25.97 ± 4.250 27.20 ± 4.99 29.72 ±6.01 27.60 ±5.206 0.001
BSA (m2) 1.74 ± 0.17 1.74 ± 0.15 1.78 ± 0.19 1.74 ± 0.15 0.581
DBP (mmHg) 94.71 ± 10.14 98.67 ± 1.40 100.62 ± 10.97 95.20 ± 7.62 0.003
SBP (mmHg) 150.59 ± 14.24 166.67 ± 16.65 169.69 ± 20.39 159.60 ± 18.40 <0.001
MAP (mmHg) 113.33 ± 8.43 121.33 ± 11.53 123.65 ± 12.83 116.67 ± 10.034 <0.001
HTN duration (years) 2.76 ± 4.33 3.51 ± 3.32 6.02 ± 4.37 12.56 ± 8.41 <0.001
IVSWTd (cm) 0.96 ± 0.13 1.05 ± 0.11 1.59 ± 0.21 1.18 ± 0.14 <0.001
LVPWTd (cm) 0.87 ± 0.08 1.02 ± 0.10 1.47 ± 0.16 0.98 ± 0.098 <0.001
LVIDd (cm) 4.76 ± 0.29 4.35 ± 0.21 4.90 ± 0.34 5.41 ± 0.30 <0.001
LVIDs (cm) 3.23 ± 0.39 2.98 ± 0.27 3.36 ± 0.41 3.96 ± 0.38 <0.001
FS 32.53 ± 5.30 31.53 ± 4.92 31.72 ± 5.71 26.96 ± 4.27 <0.001
RWT (cm) 0.37 ± 0.04 0.47 ± 0.04 0.60 ± 0.08 0.36 ± 0.031 <0.001
LV mass (g) 150.00 ± 25.39 153.20 ± 19.71 326.12 ± 74.14 232.32 ± 25.38 <0.001
LVMI-BSA (g/m2) 86.59 ± 14.80 88.56 ± 11.22 187.22 ± 51.72 134.48 ± 25.84 <0.001
LVMI-height2.7 (g/m2.7) 40.32 ± 7.97 42.47 ± 5.41 94.47 ± 25.66 65.52 ± 13.37 <0.001
  1. HTN=hypertension, BMI=Body Mass Index, BSA=Body surface area, DBP=Diastolic blood pressure, SBP=Systolic blood pressure, MAP=Mean arterial pressure, IVSWTd=Interventricular septal wall thickness at end-diastole, LVPWTd=LV posterior left ventricular wall at end-diastole, LVIDd=LV internal diameter at end-diastole, LVIDs=LV internal diameter at end-systole, FS=fractional shortening, RWT=Relative wall thickness , LVMI-BSA=Left Ventricular mass indexed to Body Surface Area, LVMI-height 2.7=left ventricular mass indexed to height 2.7.