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Table 2 Echocardiographic characteristics of hypertensive patients according to duration of hypertension

From: Assessment of left ventricular geometrical patterns and function among hypertensive patients at a tertiary hospital, Northern Tanzania

Parameter value ±SD All (n=227) Duration of hypertension p value
   Early Intermediate Long term  
   (n=44) (n=101) (n=82)  
IVSWTd (cm) 1.20 ± 0.29 1.03 ± 0.26 1.18 ± 0.29 1.32 ± 0.26 <0.001
LVPWTd (cm) 1.09 ± 0.27 0.95 ± 0.23 1.09 ± 0.25 1.18 ± 0.27 <0.001
LVIDd (cm) 4.86 ± 0.46 4.73 ± 0.33 4.75 ± 0.41 5.07 ± 0.49 <0.001
LVIDs (cm) 3.38 ± 0.50 3.21 ± 0.38 3.27 ± 0.43 3.61 ± 0.56 <0.001
FS (%) 30.88 ± 5.53 32.41 ± 5.21 31.50 ± 5.22 29.29 ± 5.76 0.003
RWT(cm) 0.45 ± 0.11 0.40 ± 0.09 0.46 ± 0.09 0.47 ± 0.14 0.004
LVM(g) 218.40 ± 88.24 169.18 ± 72.95 208.59 ± 90.93 256.95 ± 75.85 <0.001
LVMI-BSA (g/m2) 125.90 ± 52.95 94.59 ± 40.38 120.39 ± 55.26 149.49 ± 45.32 <0.001
LVMI-height2.7 (g/m2.7) 61.56 ± 27.66 45.50 ± 21.81 58.80 ± 29.22 73.59 ± 23.08 <0.001
  1. IVSWTd = Inter-ventricular septal wall thickness at end-diastole, LVPWTd=Left ventricular posterior wall thickness at end-diastole, LVIDd=Left ventricular internal diameter at end-diastole, LVIDs=Left ventricular internal diameter at end-systole, FS= Fractional Shortening, RWT=Relative wall thickness, LVM=Left ventricular mass, LVMI-BSA= Left ventricular mass indexed to body surface area, LVMI-height2.7= Left ventricular mass indexed to height2.7.