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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of evaluable subjects with and without PAD.

From: Prevalence of peripheral arterial disease in subjects with moderate cardiovascular risk: Italian results from the PANDORA study Data from PANDORA (Prevalence of peripheral Arterial disease in subjects with moderate CVD risk, with No overt vascular Diseases nor Diabetes mellitus)

Clinical characteristics No PAD (N = 3, 943) PAD (N = 1, 169) P value
Weight (Kg) 76.5 ± 14 77.1 ± 14.3  
Waist circumference (cm) 98 ± 12 97.9 ± 12.8  
BMI (Kg/M2) 27.8 ± 4.3 27.8 ± 4.5  
SBP (mmHg) 136.4 ± 14.6 141 ± 14.6 < 0.0001
DBP (mmHg) 81.6 ± 8.3 83 ± 8.2 < 0.0001
Heart rate (beats/min) 72.8 ± 8.7 74.2 ± 8.2 < 0.0001
   Age (years, mean ± SD) 63.9 ± 8.7 64.1 ± 9.2  
Median 63 64  
Interquartile range 58-70 58-70  
   Age class (%)    
45-54 years 11.4 12.8  
55-64 years 44 41  
65-74 years 32.3 32.1  
75-84 years 11.2 12.2  
≥85 years 1.1 1.9 0.039
   Sex    
Male 50.4 51  
Female 49.6 49  
Race (%)    
Caucasian 99.5 99.6  
Black 0.1 0.1  
Oriental 0 0  
Other 0.4 0.3  
   Marital status (%)    
Single (unmarried) 4.9 4.5  
Married or living together 79.7 68 < 0.0001
Widowed 11.4 13.5  
Divorced or separated 3.9 13.9 < 0.0001
Other 0.1 0.1  
   Anamnesis (%)    
Hypertension 73.7 77.3 0.016
Dyslipidemia 45.2 37.6 < 0.0001
Cigarette smoking 30.2 25.2 0.0008
High alcohol intake 6.1 8.1 0.015
Family history of early CHD 17.4 41.8 < 0.0001
Sedentary lifestyle 64.7 61.2  
   Serum lipids (mg/dl)    
Total cholesterol 216.3 ± 39.2 216.9 ± 38.3  
HDL-cholesterol 53.7 ± 13.4 51.9 ± 12.9 < 0.001
LDL-cholesterol 134.4 ± 35.4 134.8 ± 35.4  
Triglycerides 138.6 ± 62.7 156.4 ± 70 < 0.0001
   Medication (%)    
Antihypertensive 54.5 60.05 0.003
Other CV drug 7.23 5.82  
Any lipid modifiers 18.18 14.29 0.002
Statin treatment 11.6 6.5 < 0.0001
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD or % where indicated. BMI = body mass index, CHD = coronary heart disease, SBP = systolic blood pressure, DBP = diastolic blood pressure.