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Table 3 Adherence to cardiac medications (PDC ≥ 80%) according to ethnicity and medication

From: Cardiac medication prescribing and adherence after acute myocardial infarction in Chinese and South Asian Canadian patients

Medication Chinese South Asian Non-Asian p-value Adj. OR (95%CI)* Adj. OR (95%CI)*
      Chinese vs. Non-Asian p-value South Asian vs. Non-Asian p-value
ACEI, % 63.5 71.4 75 < 0.001 0.53 (0.39-0.73) < 0.001 0.78 (0.61-0.99) 0.04
BB, % 54.1 63.4 56.4 0.02 0.85 (0.63-1.15) 0.29 1.3 (1.04-1.62) 0.02
Statin, % 80.8 85.4 81 0.19 0.83 (0.52-1.35) 0.46 1.26 (0.88-1.79) 0.21
CCB, % 64 68.4 65.5 0.73 0.84 (0.51-1.38) 0.49 1.07 (0.74-1.53) 0.73
Diuretic, % 35.9 33.8 39.5 0.18 0.84 (0.55-1.28) 0.41 0.73 (0.54-0.99) 0.04
ACEI, BB, or statin, % 76.4 82.6 79.9 0.12 0.70 (0.51-0.95) 0.02 1.01 (0.79-1.29) 0.92
  1. Abbreviations: ACEI = angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor; Adj. OR = adjusted odds ratio; BB = beta-blocker; CCB = calcium-channel blocker; PDC = proportion of days covered
  2. * odds ratios adjusted for age, gender, residential distance from hospital, socio-economic status, admission year, number of baseline medications, number of re-admissions to hospital, prior use of same medication, and comorbidities