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Table 1 Patient characteristics according to ethnicity

From: Cardiac medication prescribing and adherence after acute myocardial infarction in Chinese and South Asian Canadian patients

Characteristic Chinese South Asian Non-Asian p-value
  N = 258 N = 511 N = 9157  
Age, n (%)     
   65-69 years 66 (25.6) 167 (32.7) 2297 (25.1) 0.0006
   70-74 years 63 (24.4) 143 (28) 2330 (25.5) 0.40
   75-79 years 62 (24) 104 (20.4) 2111 (23.1) 0.34
   ≥ 80 years 67 (26) 97 (19) 2419 (26.4) 0.001
Female, n (%) 93 (36.1) 204 (39.9) 3718 (40.6) 0.33
Income, n (%) *     
   < $30,569 83 (32.2) 129 (25.2) 2165 (23.6) < 0.0001
   $30,570-43,147 78 (30.2) 138 (27) 1735 (19) < 0.0001
   $43,148 - 54,103 36 (14) 110 (21.5) 1642 (17.9) < 0.0001
   $54,104 - 68,206 23 (8.9) 62 (12.1) 1609 (17.6) < 0.0001
   $68,207 - 221,991 35 (13.6) 55 (10.8) 1559 (17) < 0.0001
> 50km to hospital, n (%) 12 (4.7) 74 (14.5) 3181 (34.7) < 0.0001
Number of hospitalizations, mean (SD) 0.18 (0.49) 0.31 (0.66) 0.3 (0.64) < 0.0001
Total # of medications, mean (SD) 7.51 (3.81) 8.18 (3.9) 7.32 (3.63) 0.011
Prior use of ACEI, BB, or statin, n (%) 109 (42.3) 188 (36.8) 3376 (36.9) 0.21
Comorbidities, n (%)     
   Diabetes 67 (26) 152 (29.8) 1526 (16.7) < 0.0001
   CHF 58 (22.5) 110 (21.5) 1570 (17.2) 0.004
   Cardiac 40 (15.5) 60 (11.7) 1392 (15.2) 0.10
   PAD 7 (2.7) 4 (0.8) 342 (3.7) 0.0016
   Hypertension 98 (38) 160 (31.3) 2402 (26.2) < 0.0001
   Cerebrovascular 12 (4.7) 9 (1.8) 203 (2.2) 0.03
   Kidney disease 15 (5.8) 16 (3.1) 180 (2) < 0.0001
  1. Abbreviations: ACEI = angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor; BB = beta-blocker; CHF = congestive heart failure; PAD = peripheral arterial disease; PDC = proportion of days covered
  2. * Missing socio-economic status data was < 4.8% (1.6% Chinese, 3.4% South Asians, 4.9% Non-Asians)
  3. Within 3 months of discharge from index admission date
  4. Within 3 months prior to index admission date